Rojas, Fernando De( Spanish writer)
Comments for Rojas, Fernando De
Biography Rojas, Fernando De
Rojas, Fernando de (Rojas, Fernando de) (c.. 1475-1541), Spanish writer. He was born in Puebla de Montalbц¦n (New Castile), the son of converts to Christianity (Jews who adopted Christianity) in 1538 for several months was the mayor of Talavera. Received law degree from the University of Salamanca. Apparently, in this period (ca. 1497) was written "Celestina" (Celestina), originally known as "tragicomedy of Calisto and Melibee" (Tragicomedia de Calisto y Melibea). The first edition, which appeared anonymously in 1499 in Burgos, consisted of 16 acts and was referred to as 'comedy'. Extended version - 'tragicomedy' act in the 21 - was published in Seville in 1502. Authorship Rojas was finally established in the early 20 in.
Written in the form dialogizirovannogo novel, "Celestine" tells about the love of a young gentleman to Melibee Calisto, a girl of noble birth. High world humanistic feelings opposes grassroots peace of the city, from which the representation Celestine, a professional matchmaker, helping to achieve Calisto favor Melibei. The ugly, drunken, vicious old Celestine - the very embodiment of shameful Crafts. However, her artless hedonism and sense of his own significance, as well as the usefulness to their studies, make it the embodiment of the traditionally Spanish integrity that distinguished Cid and Don Quixote
. Freedom, . with what is written "Celestina", . combining drama and the novel technique, . together on its pages from all segments of society, and then discharges, . contrast in their assessments and self-assessments, . identified Rabelaisian range of artistic means of this novel-drama,
. "Celestine" had a great influence on the development of European drama, and - through Cervantes - a novel. Only 16. "Celestine" withstood 66 editions, was translated into European languages, spawned many sequels, imitations and drama.