Skaldin Alex D.( Writer, poet)
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Biography Skaldin Alex D.
Skaldin, Alexei Dmitrievich (1889-1943) - writer, poet. Born in the village Koryhnovo Novgorod Province. in a large family farmer-carpenter. Fifteen-year teenager was in St. Petersburg, got a messenger in a large insurance company. After nine years he was involved in her district office manager. From his childhood passion for writing, and soon arrived in the capital, immediately sent his poems to the 'Pictorial Review'. The attempt was unsuccessful, his name in print he first saw in 1909. Got interested languages, taught himself to read French, German, Italian, and studied ancient Greek and Latin, read the classics in the original. Accident was an acquaintance with Vyacheslav Ivanov, which took considerable implications for creativity Skaldina. Thanks V. Ivanov Skaldin immediately entered the select circle. List of artists and ideas, . left their mark in the personal world Skaldina, . impressive: Sologub, . Remizov, . Gippius, . Klyuev, . Stepun, . Philosophers, . Gershenson, . M., . Georgi Ivanov, . Berdyaev, . S. Bulgakov, . Florensky: A. White Skaldin impressed,
. Block read and reread his article "The idea of the nation" (in typescript) and spoke of the thoughts contained in it, as the 'opening'. 'The idea of the nation' was written as an essay for the St. Petersburg Religious-Philosophical Society, but the Council dismissed the report of the society as too conservative. When life Skaldina "The idea of the nation" was not published (first published in the 'new journal', kn. 210, 1998). Semantic support this article highlights the epigraph from Vl.Soloveva: 'The idea of a nation is not what she thinks about himself in time, but what God thinks about it in eternity'. The Journal of the Symbolists 'Works and Days' (? 1-2, 1913) published an article Skaldina "darkened face," written as a response to the book, V. Rozanov, "The Metaphysics of Christianity" and showing a deep interest Skaldina to Russian religious philosophy. Its very clear line in his life manifested itself in twenty Skaldina, argued with Merezhkovsky caught and prepared for long conversations with L. Shestov.
Before the revolution Skaldin published in the journals 'Spring', 'Gaudeamus', 'Satyricon', 'Apollo', in the anthology 'Eagles over the abyss', in 'Almanac Muses', in the book "War in the Russian poetry". As symbolist third appeal, Skaldin sometimes even more symbolist than the founders of this literary movement. In November 1912 his book "Poems" (1911-1912). They feel the thrill of live era, is glimpsed in the broad themes of cultural and historical context. V. Nedobrovo, praised the book, seeing in it the original line of poetry. Gumilev, in contrast, emphasized that only Skaldin 'spied something in the laboratory Ivanov'. In their philosophical and aesthetic features of his poetry - religious symbolism. When the poet's life, many of his poems were not published; more than twenty previously unknown, published in the 'new journal' (kn. 212, 1998 and Prince. 219, 2000).
As a thinker Skaldina attracted such topics as the incoherence of the world and the liberation of thought from the gravestone of rationalism, the development neskepticheskogo outlook, the question of organicity era, and what makes it such. On the theme of 'organic worldview' Skaldin conducted conversations with Vyach. Ivanov. Sensitive to the new trends, Skaldin spoke with the Bloc of the impending revolution, long before 1917. Meetings and conversations of those years were reflected in its mystical, adventurous and partly autobiographical novel "Wanderings and Adventures of Nicodemus Elder". The novel was printed in a few days before Oktyabrskooy Revolution. Subject of the book - the transformation of man into a demon. Each chapter corresponds to a certain level of mystery. The main character lives in a world of multiply reflected doubles. The narrative is in two ways: domestic and mystical. It is easy to notice the similarity of some novel Skaldina and "Master and Margarita" by Mikhail Bulgakov, who was reading "Wanderings and adventures".
In March 1917 was established by the Union of artists, Skaldin becomes secretary of the literary department of the Union of. However, after October, fearing arrest, threatened him, Skaldin fled from Petrograd. For five years he lived in Saratov: published in the magazine 'Art news', . taught at the Pedagogical Institute and the Higher theatrical workshops, . presented reports, . charge Radischev Museum, . went on an expedition to survey of church architecture, . arranged theater-studio,
. In the midst of this creative, collecting, organizing, teaching and research activities, he was arrested and sentenced to three-year prison term (see. T. Tsar'kova. "Skaldinovschina - Faces". Biographical almanac, 5, 1994). As a result of interference Lunacharskogo Skaldin was released prematurely and soon went to Petrograd.
In January 1933, followed by a second arrest. This Razumnik-Ivanov wrote in his memoirs, prison and exile: 'A person arrested for the Populist sympathies (his father was a peasant) and a familiarity with me, Skaldin vainly argued the investigator that no sympathy for populism can not shine'. He was sent to five years in exile in Kazakhstan. After serving the link, he remained in the Alma-Ata.
'He had sometimes a sverhintuitsiey and believed in destiny (even in his youth had predicted that he would die in jail)', recalled his daughter Skaldina ( 'New Journal', kn. 218, 2000, with. 336). In June 1941 he was arrested for the third time in October, a special meeting of the NKVD sentenced him to eight years' imprisonment 'for counter-revolutionary activities'. Skaldina sent under escort to Karlag and there Aug. 23, 1943 he died of a heart attack. From his literary heritage, only remnants of. In the novel, poetry, articles and poems in periodicals, he published several children's books. The second and third volumes of his novel lost. From a collection of short stories (early twenties) "Evenings at the master Christopher, survived only a short story. Been lost manuscripts of his novels and stories "The Death of Grigory Rasputin," "Land of Canaan," "sorcerers", "Third Meeting," "Miracles of the old world. Country Life, "" The Tale of each day, "etc.. - A total of over four thousand pages. It is difficult to name another writer that emerged during the Silver Age, to the heritage of the fate which was in such a degree of ruthless. The main thing in the remaining legacy Skaldina - the last novel of the silver age, phantasmagoric "Wanderings and Adventures of Nicodemus Elder". Roman reprinted twice in the U.S. (in 1989 and in 1990, publishers 'Antiques'); in 1991, he was the first time since the seventeenth year, printed in Russia ( 'Youth'? 9, 10, 11).