Gertrude Stein( American novelist)
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Biography Gertrude Stein
Stein, Gertrude (Stein, Gertrude) (1874-1946), American writer. Born February 3, 1874 in Allegheny (pc. Pennsylvania). She studied psychology at Redklifskom College (Cambridge, pc. Massachusetts), and then medicine at Johns Hopkins University. In 1903 went to Paris, where she remained until the end of life.
In Paris, Stein became friends with Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse, and their creative research stimulated her interest in the experimental literature. Her first major work - the "Three Lives" (Three Lives, 1910), three stories told by deliberately colorless, with a lot of repetitions in prose. The subsequent tale of a monumental novel, "Becoming Americans" (The Making of Americans, 1924) - an ambitious psychological study in the genre of family chronicles several generations. Friendship with Picasso inspired Stein on creative competition, the result was a series of verbal 'portraits' and, in essence, 'kubistskih' incarnations of items, food and facilities, published under the name "Tender Buttons" (Tender Buttons, 1914).
During the First World War, Stein and her friend Alice Toklas worked at the American Foundation aid wounded French. After the war, the newly opened door of her living on the street Fleury, has become a place of pilgrimage for young American writers, whom she dubbed it 'lost generation'. Friendly relations have developed from her E. Hemingway, Anderson, and FS Fitzgerald. Written Stein Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas "(The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas, 1933) immediately glorified it and made it known not only in the circle of avant-garde. For success was invited to read lectures in the U.S.. Interest in the writer warmed up and staging in New York, her opera "Four Saints in Three Acts" (Four Saints in Three Acts, 1934) to music by W. Thomson. In 1934, Stein toured the U.S. with his famous lecture, and returned to France with a reputation for complex and difficult to let the easy to understand, but undoubtedly the outstanding authors of today.
World War II and Germany's occupation of Stein held in Bilinene, then Culoz without interrupting. During this time, written "Wars I have seen" (Wars I Have Seen) and the play "a very young man said 'yes'" (Yes Is For A Very Young Man). Returning to Paris, she had repeatedly met with U.S. troops, which are written in his latest book, "Bruce and Willie" (Brewsie and Willie).
In the history of literature Gertrude Stein left not only because of his own, but also the influence of his aesthetic philosophy and personality of the writers 20 in. Stein died in Paris on July 27, 1946.