MCCAIN John( Republican Senator, former presidential candidate in U.S.)
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Biography MCCAIN John
John Sidney McCain III (John Sidney McCain III) was born August 29, 1936 at the U.S. naval base in the Panama Canal Zone. In 1958 he graduated from the Naval Academy in Annapolis, USA (Maryland), and enlisted in the Naval Air. In 1967, during the Vietnam War, McCain's plane was shot down over Hanoi, and he spent five and a half years in captivity. Upon returning to the United States returned to service in 1974, graduated from National War College in Washington, in 1981, retired. Has a number of military decorations.
After working in the company of his wife's father, "beer baron, James Hensley, Republican McCain launched a political career. In 1982 he was elected to the Arizona House of Representatives in 1986 - in the Senate. In 1996 he took part in the presidential campaign of his friend - the Republican candidate Bob Dole, and two years later he decided to move out in the presidential. In 2000 he took part in the Republican primaries, but lost to Texas governor George W. Bush. In the 2004 presidential elections, support for Bush
. McCain is known as one of America's leading "hawks": during the conflict in Kosovo, criticized the Clinton administration for not doing enough decisive action, . under the Bush administration favored the war in Iraq until victory and an increase in U.S. troops in this country,
. McCain - opponent of legal abortions, restrictions on rights to bear arms, a supporter of capital punishment and the development of missile defense. At the same time, McCain's own party has a controversial reputation: he has spoken with initiatives that are contrary to the general line of Republicans. McCain is known as a supporter of reform legislation designed to make election campaigns more transparent, it is more democratic in spirit to the campaign for the prohibition of torture in U.S. prisons. McCain - one of the few Republican senators who opposed the constitutional ban on gay marriage and federal funding for the program on stem cells.
McCain is known as one of the main opponents of Russia's policy leadership. Has repeatedly criticized President Vladimir Putin, as well as in support antirossiyski minded regimes in Ukraine and Georgia.
With the approaching 2008 presidential election turned out to be a potential front-runner McCain, Republicans. In summer 2006, he was outpaced by rating the popularity of the likely Democratic candidates - Hillary Clinton and Al Gore. The senator began to take active steps to smooth over their differences with party members, tried to mend relations with the influential group of Christian conservatives, as well as advisers and sponsors of Bush.
Officially joining the fight for the presidential nomination April 25, 2007, McCain in the Republican camp has become the main competitor of the former New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, but by July, the senator's popularity has declined markedly. His campaign was on the verge of collapse because of failures in the collection of donations, but by early primaries senator was able to pull ahead again. In late January 2008, Giuliani withdrew from the race and urged his supporters to McCain. After the next round of primaries held on March 4, McCain has become the de facto winner in the fight for presidential nomination.
August 29 became aware of the choice of running mate McCain. If it wins the vice-president could become governor of Alaska Sarah Palin.
McCain and Obama have met three times in the pre-election debate on Sept. 26, 7 and 15 oktzbrya. In opinion polls Obama won all three rounds. Unsuccessful performance at the debates, as well as the scandal with the investigation of the abuse of power Sarah Palin lowered the rating of McCain
. McCain was defeated in the general election on Nov. 4, 2008, by dialing 47 percent of the vote against 51 percent for Obama (respectively, he managed to enlist the votes of less than 200 electors needed for victory with 270 votes)
. McCain has admitted defeat and congratulated Obama, saying that the first Afro-American president will be a special pride for African Americans. In addition, he urged his fellow party members to cooperate with a future Obama administration.
John McCain married again. He had seven children: four sons and three daughters. However, two of his sons - the adopted children of his first wife, and one of the daughters - reception, a black orphan from Bangladesh. Senator four grandchildren.
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