Helmuth Karl von Moltke / (Senior) /( Helmuth Karl von Moltke (the Elder) (1800-1891) - Earl (1870), Germanic, General Field Marshal (1871) and military theorist.)
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Biography Helmuth Karl von Moltke / (Senior) /
Helmuth von Moltke was born in an impoverished Prussian nobleman in Mecklenburg. He graduated from the cadet corps in Copenhagen and later the Berlin Military Academy, received a good professional education. In 1819 he began an officer in an infantry regiment of the Danish army, which at that time served and his father.
. Persistent study of the theory of military art and commitment to staff work allowed graduates of military academies Moltke in 1827 to become head of the division's schools
. A year later he was counted among the General Staff, and in 1833 transferred to existing upon him topographical bureau.
. In 1836-1839 years, Moltke was a military adviser to Sultan Mahmud II in the Turkish army, took part in its reorganization of European style and fortification works.
. Upon his return to Prussia, he was assigned to the headquarters of the army corps, wrote a book about his business trip to Turkey and to participate in the East fighting
. Book Moltke was a great success and brought the author fame.
. Since 1848, he was chief of the General Staff Branch, then Chief of Staff of the Army Corps.
. In 1855 Moltke was appointed the first adjutant of Prince Frederick William (later Emperor Frederick III), accompanied him on trips abroad, including in Russia.
. In the years 1858-1888, General Helmuth Karl von Moltke was chief of the Prussian General Staff
. In 1871 he received the rank of Field Marshal.
In 1864, Helmuth von Moltke was appointed chief of the Union-Prussian army in the war against Denmark. This European war unequal in power over the parties joining the kingdom of Prussia Schleswig and Holstein.
. Austro-Prussian-Danish war in 1864 to become Chief of General Staff of Prussia, a platform for working out new tactics
. Moltke continues to improve the military organization of the kingdom, which soon were to unite under its auspices disparate Germanic states into a single Germanskuyu empire.
. In the war of Prussia against Austria and its allies in 1866, Moltke was Chief of Staff of the field.
. General-Field Marshal Helmuth Karl von Moltke the elder as a general famous for especially during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-1871 years.
. Field Marshal von Moltke the elder was the victor in three European wars
. He not only was the actual commander of the royal army, but also preparing for these wars of Prussia. But in fairness it should be noted that all opponents of Prussia, which had a weak military forces.
In the victories, General-Field Marshal Helmuth von Moltke was awarded the title of Count. Among the military decorations he had Russia's military leadership and the Order of Saint George's 2 nd degree, given to him for the victory in the Franco-Prussian War.
. Last 16 years of his tenure as Chief of General Staff Moltke was developing a plan of campaign against war Germanskoy Empire against Russia and France.
. Helmuth von Moltke the elder died at the age of ninety years in Berlin
. After him, Chief of the Imperial General Staff of Germany was his nephew, Helmuth von Moltke the younger, to inherit and the title of Count. However, he only rose to the rank of colonel-general and was sacked at the end of World War I. Grand-nephew of the elder Moltke, Helmuth, too, was executed in World War II for involvement in a plot to assassinate Adolph Hitler.