BITAT Rabah( Algerian politician)
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Biography BITAT Rabah
Rabah Bitat born December 19, 1925 in the village of Ain al-Karma (fr. Ain El Karma) near the town Konstintiny in Algeria, which was in those years a colony of France. From a young age participated in the liberation movement. In 1940 he joined the Algerian People's Party (fr. Parti du Peuple Algerien, PPA), was a member of the Movement for the triumph of democratic freedoms, MTLD (fr. Mouvement pour le Triomphe des Libertes Democratique, MTLD) Messan Hajj. He was a clandestine armed group 'Special Organization' (OS), which in 1949 was headed by Ahmed Ben Bella. During the attack on the post office in the city of Oran was sentenced in absentia to 10 years in prison. One of the top militia leaders MTLD and one of the leaders of the party faction, accusing Messan al-Haj in predatielstve interests of Algeria and the refusal to fight. In marte1954 year became one of the founders of the Revolutionary Committee of Unity and actions designed to reconcile the three warring factions 'of the Movement for the triumph of democratic freedoms'. However, in July, the Committee dissolved itself, having failed to do its task. Then Bitat and other leaders of the militants in the shortest possible time reorganized the armed underground and uvtanovili connection with the units of the Algerian youth, fled to the mountains of French authorities of. He was a 'group of the 22' - a group of leaders of the Algerian revolution, gathered at the underground exit in the quarter Claud Salammbo (r. Algeria) in July 1954. This Congress was elected a member of the Revolutionary Council or the 'Group 6' (it except it included Mohammed Boudiaf, Krim Belkacem, Mustafa Ben Bulaid, Larbi Ben M'Hidi and Murad Didush) - the first manual of the future NRF. October 10, 1954 became one of the founders of the National Liberation Front of Algeria and the National Liberation Army. The same day, entered the leadership of TNF - reorganized the Revolutionary Council or 'group 9', which were also included in Cairo leaders emigration - Ahmed Ben Bella, X. Ait Ahmed and M. Header. The first commander of the Forces in IV wilaya (district of the city, Algeria). In March 1955, was captured by the French army by a military tribunal and sentenced to life imprisonment. Transferred to prison in France. In 1958, in absentia, was appointed Minister without portfolio of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Algeria. In 1962, after the Evian agreements, which gave independence to Algeria, Rabah Bitat was released and returned home.
. On his return to Algeria Rabah Bitat became a member of the Political Bureau of the National Liberation Front and was appointed Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Algerian People's Democratic Republic
. In May 1963 because of disagreements with President Ahmed Ben Bella, he was transferred to the post of Third Vice-President of the Council of Ministers, and in September 1963 left the government and the FLN Political Bureau. In 1964, Rabah Bitat moved from Algeria to France.
. After the overthrow of Ben Bella in a coup in June 19, 1965 created an army Revolutionary Council, headed by Colonel Houari Boumedienne began discussions with Rabah Bitatom and other former leaders of the FLN - Ferhat Abbas, . Krim Bensayh and Mohamed Boudiaf,
. Unlike other Rabah Bitat agreed to cooperate with the new regime. 10 July 1965 he was appointed Minister of State. 13 - December 18, 1965 Rabah Bitat in the delegation was accompanied Houari Boumediene in his trip to the USSR.
. During this trip, as reported by the Soviet press, at the Moscow plant of small cars Bitata seated behind the wheel 'Moskvich - 408', whereupon he said that 'this model has a great future'.
. In 1966 he was transferred to the post of Minister of Transport
. In March 1977, Rabah Bitat was elected chairman of the National People's Assembly Algerian.
. After the death of 27 December 1978 of President Houari Boumediene Rabah Bitat under the Constitution took over as interim head of state for 45 days
. During this time, the country's leadership has decided who will be heir to the Boumediene and prepare for the Congress of TNF.
. January 22, 1979 announced the election of the new President of Algeria, . January 31, IV (Chrezvyychayny) FLN party congress elected the general secretary and candidate for President of the Coordinator of the army in the Revolutionary Council, Colonel Chadli Bendjedid,
. February 7 Chadli Bendjedid was elected President of Algeria.
February 9, 1979 Bitat handed over power to the President, Colonel Chadli Bendjedid. He returned to the post of chairman of the National People's Congress, but it became a member of the Politburo of the Party of TNF. In June of that year, Rabah Bitat became one of the 4 members of the Supreme Council of the Algerian security (it also included the President Chadli Bendjedid, Prime Minister Mohammed Abdelghani and Foreign Minister Mohammed Benyahya).
. Bitat elected chairman of parliament four times in a row
. In 1988, he came out of Politburo of the Party National Liberation Front, . and October 3, 1990, . at the opening of the autumn session of Parliament, . resigned from his post as chairman of the National People's Congress and became a backbench, . declaring that a protest against the ongoing liberalization of the economy.,
. Later Rabah Bitat did not participate in the political life of Algeria
. 5 July 1999 were particularly noted for his contributions to the achievement of independence.
Rabah Bitat died April 10, 2000 in Paris.