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Kurt von Schuschnigg

( Federal Chancellor of Austria (1934-1938).)

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Biography Kurt von Schuschnigg
photo Kurt von Schuschnigg
Kurt Schuschnigg was born in Riva del Garda, South Tyrol, Austro-Hungary. He received a law degree at the universities of Freiburg and Innsbruck. During the First World War, fought in the Austro-Hungarian army. After the war, became a lawyer in Innsbruck, joined the Christian Social Party, and in 1927 was elected to the lower house of parliament (Natsionalrat).

. In 1932 Chancellor Dollfuss appointed Schuschnigg Minister of Justice, in 1933 he became Minister of Education.

. In 1934 after the assassination of Engelbert Dollfuss Schuschnigg succeeded him as the Austrian Federal Chancellery.

. In February 1938, because of the threat of military attack by Nazi Germany to Austria Schuschnigg arrived in Berchtesgaden, . where, under pressure from Adolf Hitler signed an ultimatum, . according to which the power in Austria should be transferred to the Nazis, . a member of the Nazi party Viennese lawyer Arthur Seyss-Inquart appointed Minister of Internal Affairs.,

. Schuschnigg attempted to regain control of the situation and announced a plebiscite on the preservation of Austria's independence on March 13
. Hitler demanded to cancel the plebiscite, Schuschnigg to resign, and the place of the Chancellor to appoint Seyss-Inquart. Austrian President Wilhelm Miklas accepted the conditions of Hitler, and the next day after the appointment of Seyss-Inquart Chancellor of the German troops crossed the border into Austria, to include it in the Third Reich (cm. Anschluss).

After the Anschluss Schuschnigg had been arrested since 12 March to 28 May 1938, he was under house arrest and then transferred to Gestapo headquarters at Mortsinplats, where he spent the next 17 months. From 1941 until May 1945 Schuschnigg was in the concentration camps of Dachau and Sachsenhausen.

Shortly after his arrest he was allowed to enter into marriage with the former Countess Vera Czernin. In the last year of the war she lived in a concentration camp along with Schuschnigg and their son, who was born in 1941.

After the Second World War Schuschnigg emigrated to the United States, where he taught political science at Saint Louis University (Missouri) from 1948 to 1967. In 1956 he became an American citizen. In 1967 he returned to Austria, died in Innsbruck in 1977.
Books

* 'My Austria' (1937)

* 'Requiem for Austria' (1946)

* 'Violent Revolution' (1969)


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Kurt von Schuschnigg, photo, biography
Kurt von Schuschnigg, photo, biography Kurt von Schuschnigg  Federal Chancellor of Austria (1934-1938)., photo, biography
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