Paul David Hewson( Leader, singer and one of the founders of the popular Irish rock band U2)
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Biography Paul David Hewson
Paul David Hewson aka Bono (Bono), was born May 10, 1960 in the capital of Ireland - Dublin. His father, Brendan Robert "Bobby" Hewson (Brendan Robert "Bobby" Hewson) was a Catholic, he worked at the post office and keen opera and his mother, Iris Rankin (Iris Rankin), a housewife, by religion, it was the Irish anglikankoy. Sex with his mother and his older brother, Norman (Norman) visited the Church of England. Childhood, the boy was in a poor quarter of Dublin - Ballimune (Ballymun). Paul's mother died of a brain aneurysm in 1974. Her death knocked the floor out of a rut: he was expelled from school at the Anglican Cathedral of St. Patrick, because he rushed dog excrement in the teacher.
. After graduation from the Anglican School Hewson attend public secondary school, Mount Temple keen chess learned to play guitar and sing, took part in school theatrical performances
. At school he was a member of a street music group Lypton Village: with friends Hewson appeared in public places such as buses, basically, shocking the audience. In those years, he got his nickname - Bono, and all it sounded like Bono Vox of O'Connell Street (a good voice O'Connell Street).
. The leader of U2
. In 1976, Lawrence "Larry" Mullen, Jr. (Laurence "Larry" Mullen, Jr.) Posted on the board of school board proposal to create a group
. The advertisement was answered Bono, bassist Adam Clayton (Adam Clayton) and guitarist David "The Edge" Evans (David "Edge" Evans). The initial composition of the group were also friends of Mullen, who later left the team, the composition of music since then has not changed, which is a rarity for rock & roll groups. According to the memoirs Mullen, at the first rehearsal Bono made it clear that will be the leader, vocalist and lyricist for the group. Mullen also became the drummer. According to Bono, the group was created before, as the participants learned how to play. With some time called "Feedback", then was renamed to "The Hype" has not yet become final is called "U2". Bono later admitted that this name was chosen almost by chance and he did not really like.
. At the first concert of U2 came just nine people, but later, at a concert in Dublin's Project Arts Centre, a young group noticed Dublin journalist Paul McGuinness (Paul McGuinness)
. He offered to speak at the U2 music competition. Group was able to take it the first place: the prize were 500 pounds and making the first studio recording. In 1980, U2 signed a contract with the record company Island Records and released their debut album "The Boy". In the same year the band went on first tour of U.S.. Subsequently, U2 world tour in 2005 was considered the most successful and profitable in history: the musicians collected 3 million people and earned $ 250 million on tickets.
. During his career, the group U2 has recorded 11 albums, the most famous of which were "Joshua Tree", "Achtung Baby", "Zooropa" and "Pop"
. In 2004 the band recorded their latest album "How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb", and in 2009 is expected to release a new album of U2, which is expected to be called "No Line On The Horizon". Critics pointed out that U2 have moved from the post-punk to classic rock. In the 1980's U2 became one of the most popular rock bands in the world in 1988, they won the first two awards of the "Grammy". From 1980 to 2008 was sold 140 million copies of the U2 album and the income from their sale as early as the 1990's amounted to a half billion dollars. U2 music distribution deal with Universal Music Company and Live Nation.
Besides U2, Bono, Brian Eno collaborated (Brian Eno), Frank Sinatra (Frank Sinatra) and other musicians. In 1995, U2 with Eno and Luciano Pavarotti (Luciano Pavarotti) recorded under the pseudonym Passangers experimental album "Original soundtracks 1, which, in its conception, was a compilation of soundtracks for imaginary movies.
. Political and charitable activities
. In his music, Bono paid much attention to politics: the song "Sunday Bloody Sunday" was devoted to clashes between Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland and the song "New Year's Day" - the Polish Solidarity movement
. In 1995, he spoke out against French nuclear testing. According to Bono, the inspiration for his songs, he drew from the Bible.
. Bono's a lot involved in charitable activities, in 1985, he organized a fund-raising for the orphanage in Ethiopia, participated in the organization Jubilee 2000, calls on developed countries to write off the debts of the poorest African countries
. He met with the heads of the Group of Eight "(G8), including U.S. presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush and Pope John Paul II. In 2002, together with the Minister of the Treasury Paul O'Neill (Paul O'Neill) Bono has visited several African countries. He has participated in charitable events for AIDS and assistance to victims of terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001 in the U.S.. In addition, Bono has worked with Greenpeace and Amnesty International.
. In June 2008, Bono offered to create a United States of Africa: he believed had existed since 2002, the African Union could not solve the accumulated problems of the continent, and African countries needed better integration.
. To combat poverty and AIDS in Africa, Bono's DATA organized company with a statutory fund of 2 billion
. Bono is the founder and owner of the private investment fund Elevation Partners, in August 2006, he became a minority shareholder in American publishing company Forbes. In addition, Bono has convinced several major companies, including American Express and Armani, to donate one percent of their profits to the starving regions of Africa. Was rumored that Bono was a likely contender for the presidency of the World Bank (World Bank). At the same time in motherland Bono accused of sheltering from taxes: in 2006, he transferred the assets of U2 from Ireland to the Netherlands, where taxes were lower.
. Bono was the initiator of the construction of 120-meter skyscraper "U2 Tower" in Dublin, designed by a famous British architect Norman Foster (Norman Foster)
. However, in October 2008 because of the onset of the global financial crisis, this project had been discontinued.
. Cinema, news publications and awards
. Bono appeared in three films, musicals, one of which - "Across the Universe" (Across the Universe, 2007), was produced, written and played a cameo role in the thriller "Hotel" One million dollars' "(The Million Dollar Hotel, 2000 year)
. In 2006, the musician was the editor of special issue of The Independent and in 2009 signed a contract with The New York Times, which should lead editorial column.
. In 2001, readers of British newspaper European Voice Bono was awarded the prize "European of the Year"
. In 2005, Time magazine named Bono, man, along with Bill Gates and his wife Melinda. In the same year, Bono of U2 was included in the Hall of Fame rock n 'roll. In the press mentioned that he is the only musician who was nominated for a Grammy, an Oscar, Golden Globe, and in 2006 and the Nobel Peace Prize. Bono and the band U2 are the winners of 22 Grammy Awards and 1 Golden Globe.
It is known that a few years after graduation Bono attended University College Dublin, but did not finish it. In May 2008 he was awarded the honorary degree of Tokyo's Keio University (Keio Universit) - the oldest private university in Japan.
. In 2006, Queen Elizabeth II bestowed an honorary Bono knighted.
. Bono is married to Alison "Eli" Hewson (Alison "Ali" Hewson)
. They were familiar with the school, supported by Alison Bono after his mother's death. Bono and Alison were married in 1982. Alison is dedicated to the song "The sweetest thing" - Bono wrote it as a sign of reconciliation after the forgot to congratulate his wife on his birthday. Like Bono, Alison has been actively involved in charity. They have four children: two daughters, Jordan (Jordan, . Born in 1989) and Memphis Eve (Memphis Eve, . Born in 1991) and two sons: Elijah Bob Patrick Guggi Q (Elijah Bob Patricus Guggi Q, . Born in 1999) and John Abraham (John Abraham, . 2001 birth).,
. Points are one of the most famous attributes Bono: he admitted that he wears them to hide their eyes, which he always red because of allergies
. It is known that a musician allergy salicylic acid, which is contained in the wine.