Andrzej Wajda( Polish film and theater director)
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Biography Andrzej Wajda
Place of birth, education. Born in Suwalki. He studied painting at the Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow, but without completing the course, joined the faculty of directing the е¦цЁdе¦ Film School, graduating in 1954.
Career. While studying A. Wajda worked as the second director to shoot the film "Five to the Bar of the street", which is set by A. Ford. After graduating from film school, making his debut picture, "Generation", which marked the beginning of the Polish film school,.
Widely recognized for Wajda, came after the film "Kanal" (1956), award of several awards, including a special prize at the Cannes Film Festival in 1957. One of the best works of that period is considered Wajda tape "Ashes and Diamonds", set on the novel by Jerzy Andrzejewski, and told of the tragedy of young underground.
In the future, the theme of war scenes in the director dealt with "Summer," "Samson", "Landscape After the Battle," "Korczak," "Perstenek with an eagle in the crown", "Holy Week". In addition, A. Wajda filmed lyrical films and satirical comedies ( "The young ladies of Wilco," "Bereznyak", "Promised Land", "Innocent Sorcerers," "Hunting flies").
Prominently in the work of the director took the film adaptation of literary classics: both Polish and the world - "The Wedding", "Siberian Lady Macbeth," "Possessed," "Pilate and Others"
. The notable socio-political resonance, not only in Poland, led to Wajda's work in the late 1970's - early 1980's, when he made the film "Man of Marble," "Without anesthesia," "Man of Iron," "Danton .
. In cinema A. Weida from the end of 1950 he worked in the theater
. Among the set of productions a few variants of "Hamlet," "The Possessed" and "Crime and Punishment (by Fyodor Dostoevsky).
. In 1999, the director put the historical picture of "Pan Tadeusz", telling about Poland during the Napoleonic wars.
. In 2007, withdrew the film "Katyn"
. This is the first Polish film, which tells of a tragic history of Poland. In the spring of 1940 in the forest near the village of Katyn, which in the Smolensk (Russia), Soviet secret police shot about 22 thousand Polish officers, prisoners, among whom was the father of A. Wajda. Main characters of the film - a woman waiting for their missing husbands, sons, brothers. The basis of the film became the book "Post Mortem. Katyn story "of the Polish writer Andrzej Mulyarchick. In 2008 the band was nominated for an Oscar for Best Foreign Film.
In 1972-1983 he. A. Wajda - artistic director kinoobedineniya "X". In 1978-1982 he. - Chairman of the Union of Cinematographers of the NDP. In 1989-1991. - Senator of the Polish Sejm.
Awards. State Prize Winner of Poland (1974), . Prizes of the Ministry of Culture of Poland (1971, . 1998), . theater Prize Luigi Pirandello (1987), . "Felix" (1990), . Golden Lion in Venice (1998) and an honorary Oscar for his services to cinema at a ceremony in 2000,
. Member of the British Academy (since 1982), the European Film Academy (since 1988), the Academy of Fine Arts of France (since 1997). Washington and the Jagiellonian University has conferred A. Wajda honorary doctorate.
. In April 2008 the first President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko awarded A. Wajda Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise V degree - "for his outstanding personal contribution to the development of Ukrainian-Polish cultural cooperation, . many years of fruitful creative activity in the area promote the ideals of humanism in cinema ",
In those days, A. Wajda just arrived in Ukraine to introduce the film "Katyn" in the Days of Polish Cinema in Ukraine. Premiere pictures and visited the President with his wife Kateryna Yushchenko.