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Weinberg, Boris

( Soviet geophysicist)

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Biography Weinberg, Boris
photo Weinberg, Boris
At the end of the St. Petersburg University, he worked as a teacher in several secondary schools, then in the St. Petersburg Mining Institute, in Novorossiysk University, St. Petersburg University and at Bestuzhev University for Women (BVZHK). During this time he met with the DI. Mendeleev, . working at this time in the Chamber of Weights and Measures under the Ministry of Finance scientists custodian of Weights and Measures, . and supervising, . under her, . 20 provincial tents for the calibration of commercial weights and measures, . and simultaneously edit 'Library Industrial knowledge' (ed,
. Brockhaus and Efron). Over the years Boris became its active member of. During this time he emerged as a mature scholar, became a doctor of physics, the author of many scientific papers. In 1906, he proposed a theory of ice movement on the inclined channel. The motion of Arctic ice, as well as physical and mechanical properties of ice. For this work he was in the same year earned a doctorate at the same time the Lomonosov Medal of the Academy of Sciences. Theory B.P. Weinberg 'movement without friction' was the basis of the outstanding inventions: a working model of an electric road on the magnetic levitation, . constructed them in the physics laboratory at Tomsk Institute of Technology in 1913, . in which he arrived in 1909, . being appointed head of the Department of Physics, . awarded professorship,
. As the Institute was equal to the Russia Academy of Sciences.

In Tomsk, Siberia, he created a school of solid state physics, which after he led and developed further by his student, later an academician, VD. Kuznetsov. At the Department of Physics, he established a meteorological station, and the study of the earth passing through the tail of Halley's Comet, created in 1910. Boris personally led the first in Siberia Aero-circle, then Russia has given such eminent aviation as Kamov NI, Miles ML, Valedinsky AI. and many. It is this circle at the Department of Physics, under his leadership and created the first in the world serving the electrical installation of the road on a magnetic levitation. Creation of the world's first experimental setup is more than half a century ahead of U.S. research in this direction. The news of this spread around the world and in the distant Tomsk poured delegation of scientists from many countries. At this time B.P. Weinberg maintained personal ties with many famous aviators of the time: the Wright brothers, Bleriot, and others.

. In the same in 1913 for the first time in the world of electric heat drill was designed to study the ice.

. In Tomsk, he not only a chair at the Tomsk Institute of Technology, but also taught courses in Tomsk State University and the Siberian University for Women.

. Boris organized jointly with the Academy of Sciences, the study of terrestrial magnetism in Siberia and adjacent areas
. To do this, he led 23 geomagnetic expedition that covered Siberia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, the materials that are highly enriched Russian and world science. Within the walls of the Tomsk Institute of Technology, he laid the foundations of a new science - solar energy technology. Simultaneously, Professor Weinberg wrote and published a large number of fundamental scientific works, which were printed not only in Russia but also some foreign countries. Only in English, German, French and Italian and published them more than 130 works.

. In 1915 the Imperial Academy of Sciences, . Following the proposal of Vernadsky, . organizes the Commission for the Study of Natural Productive Forces of Russia (kepse), . designed, . contemporary language, . an inventory of the innovative capacity of the country, . headed by himself VI,
. Vernadsky. An active member of this commission is and Boris, who led the study Siberia. The task of the institute was planned scientific and practical study of nature, life and the population of Siberia to the most rational use of natural resources of the region and cultural and economic development.

. The difficult years of revolution and civil war, years of lack of money, devastation have left him indifferent witness
. In 1918 Boris becomes a member of the Siberian Regional Duma of the Siberian University for Women.

After dashing years, when the country began construction of a new life, B.P. Weinberg did not stay away. He took an active part in the convening and the first meteorological congress in Siberia, . in establishing an institute study of Siberia, . where he held the position of Director and in 1923, recreated in the Physics Department of the Technological Institute of Tomsk in Siberia, the first research institution of higher education at the edge - Institute of Applied Physics,
. And this was done during the devastation in the hardest years for Russia. Director of the Institute, transformed in subsequent years with the Siberian Physico-Technical Institute (SPTI) has become very B.P. Weinberg.

In 1924, Boris returned to Petrograd, director of the Main Geophysical Observatory.

Within kepse to continue in the USSR, most likely due to VI. Vernadsky, in 1925. were organized under the leadership of Boris Petrovich study of solar energy. B.P. Weinberg gave a lecture and received material support - in Kaplanbek near Tashkent - water heaters, boilers, dryers, gelioteplitsy. It can be assumed that in connection with this practical work he was forced to stay only member of the geophysical laboratory. In reality, this issue has been put on a larger scale until 1939, when the Moscow Power Engineering Institute formed a committee under the chairmanship of Academician M.V. Kirpicheva. Since 1940 - Head of the Research Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism.

And Boris was a talented writer and author of many articles and books printed in numerous newspapers and magazines in the Siberian. The writer's talent he inherited from his father, Peter Solzhenitsyn Weinberg, honorary academician of the Academy of Sciences of Russia on the category of belles-lettres, the famous poet and translator. Of particular interest is his science-fiction essay "Humanity in the year 22300 ', in which he gave a forecast of the development of life on Earth until the year 22300. Several editions of his book has stood the memories of his teacher 'Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev as a lecturer'.

. According to the last Wednesday of each month at the apartment of Boris Petrovich gathered round-table writers, poets, journalists, Tomsk and discuss new products, share their thoughts and impressions
. Been there frequenter and aspiring novelist Vyacheslav Shishkov, whose path to great literature began with living Weinberg, with meetings with many leaders of culture, which was intended.

. Boris himself and his wife were killed during the siege of Leningrad from hunger
. His last work was a scientist consultation structures of the ice road across Lake Ladoga.

Two sons had died in the wars. Third, the youngest - Vsevolod Borisovich - became a great scholar in the field of fiber optics, Doctor of Technical Sciences, State Prize Laureate, Professor. He died in the early seventies and was buried in Leningrad.

Materials prepared for publication Vadim Physicians.


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