Lee Synman( first President of the Republic of Korea)
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Biography Lee Synman
Lee Synman (Rhee, Syngman) (1875-1965), first President of the Republic of Korea, was born April 26, 1875 into an aristocratic family, which led to his descent from the dynasty of Lee and includes 17 generations.
. As a young man won first place at the national exam on Chinese classical literature
. Entered the Methodist missionary school Pai-Jai, where he studied English and became acquainted with the ideas of democracy. Participated in the creation of 'Club of Independence', in 1897, was arrested as the leader of the movement, speaking for the transformation of the monarchy to parliamentary democracy. While in prison, converted to Christianity. They also wrote the book The Spirit of Independence (The Spirit of Independence), which is considered the bible of the Korean political liberalism. In 1904-1910 he studied at the Lee USA, where he received a bachelor's degree at George Washington University and a master's degree at Harvard University and a doctorate in international law at Princeton University. He returned to Korea, but soon moved to Hawaii.
In Honolulu, Lee engaged in editing the newspaper, speaking for the independence of Korea. In 1919, after a 'peaceful revolution', was elected President of the Republic of Korea in Exile. Over the next 25 years supported the Korean commission poludiplomaticheskoe representation in Washington, who sought the liberation of Korea. In 1940, Lee published a book, Japan - secret becomes clear (Japan Inside Out), which predicted the Japanese attack on the United States.
. During the Second World War, remained in Washington, DC, advising the Ministry of Defense on the establishment of the Korean network of illegal agents
. October 16, 1945 he returned to Seoul next three years, helped popularize the ideas of democracy. May 10, 1948, after the proclamation of the UN initiative of the Republic of Korea, Lee became president of the country. When it was introduced universal primary education and carried out land reform, under which tenants have transferred 54% of the landed estates.
. During the Korean War, Lee managed to completely unite his people, who remained faithful to him even in the summer of 1950, when almost the entire country was under communist control
. He was re-elected for the presidency in 1952, 1956 and 1960. In the last election had revealed major manipulation of polling stations, which led to rebellion, and ultimately to the resignation of Lee, which followed on April 27. In May 1960 the former president left Korea and settled in Hawaii, where he lived until his death July 19, 1965.