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Yusupov

( Rhode princes)

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Biography Yusupov
Type the Yusupov is intimately connected with Russia and world history. Its source - in the VI century AD, when the prophet Muhammad lived. The emirs, sultans and caliphs with the royal authority, whose names you meet on the pages of fairy tales of Scheherazade, and the kingdom extended from Egypt to India - all the ancestors of the Yusupov.
. Pioneers of the Yusupov - from Abubekir father in law of the prophet, who ruled after Muhammad (about 570-632) for every Muslim born
. Three centuries after his soimennik Abubekir bin Rayok also rules all Muslims of the world and bore the title of Emir al-Omran, the prince of princes and the sultan of sultans, uniting in the person of its government and religious power. Prince H. B. Yusupov Jr. said: "It was a supreme dignitary disappeared into an ecstasy of languor and luxury for the sake of Caliph-Billaga, provide all the power in the spiritual and secular significance."
. In the fall of the caliphate era of direct ancestors of the Russian princes were the rulers of the Yusupov in Damascus, Antioch, Iraq, Persia, Egypt ..
. Some of them are buried in Mecca, on Mount Hira, where Muhammad was opened by the text of the Quran, the Kaaba itself, sacred to Muslims, or near it - this is Baba Tyukles and two sons, Abbas and Abdurahman. Sultan Termes, the third son of Baba Tyuklesa (16-s knee from Abubekir bin Rayoka), driven by hostile circumstances, moved north from Arabia to the shores of the Azov and Caspian seas, carrying many of the tribes loyal Muslims. Nogai Horde, which appeared as a state between the Volga and the Ural Mountains, was the result of relocation Sultan Termes
. Now it becomes clear the full equality of marriage, . concluded in 1914 between Prince Felix Yusupov and Grand Princess Irina Alexandrovna Romanova, . niece of the reigning Emperor Nicholas II: both husband and wife were the king of origin.,
. Direct descendant Termes named Edigey was in the immediate and close friendship with himself Tamerlane, or Timur, - "Iron cripple" and a great conqueror
. Edigey was appointed chief commander of Timur. Mongol hordes Tokhtamysh burned Moscow, and moved confidently to Tamerlane. Edigey came out to meet Tokhtamysh and in single combat before the army killed him. Lithuanian VItaut suffered a crushing defeat of the Vorskla River Edigeya in 1339. Tamerlane one tribute from a son of Prince Dmitry Donskoy Vasily Dmitrievich. Finally, Edigey conquered Crimea and established the Crimean Horde.
Great grandson Edigeya name was Musa Mirza (prince of Moses, in Russian), and had the custom five wives. First, my beloved, was called Kondaza. From it was born Yusuf - the ancestor of the genus Yusupov. Twenty years Yusuf Murza friends with himself Ivan the Terrible, the Russian Tsar. A descendant of the emirs felt it necessary to make friends and intermarry with Muslims neighbors, "fragments" of Mongol-Tatar invasion to Rus. Four daughters were the wives of kings Yusuf Crimea, Astrakhan, Kazan and Siberian. The latter was the same Kuchum, which conquered the head of his, the Don Cossacks, Ermak Timofeevich.
Here is a second portrait in the gallery of portraits of the Twelve Moscow Yusupov Palace - a beautiful Suyumbeka, queen kazanskayayu, beloved daughter of Yusuf-Murzas. She was born in 1520 and 14 years of age became the wife of the king of Kazan Enaleev. In the same year Onal had been killed by their subjects and citizens of Kazan was returned to the kingdom by them before the king exiled the Crimean Saf-Giray
Belle married again, this time for Saf-Giray and soon she was born the only son Utemish Giray. Saf-Giray introduced in Kazan penalty. Kazan indignation. Yunus, the son of Yusuf, has decided to stand up for Saf-Giray and went to Kazan. But Saf Giray deceived Yunus. And then, and Yusuf and Yunus took the side of Ivan the Terrible. Saf-Giray was drinking and crashed on the steps of his own palace.
Suyumbeka second time became a widow and queen of Kazan. Her year-old son Utemish Giray was proclaimed king of Kazan Tatars. When the Russian Tsar went up with the army under the walls of Kazan, the beautiful Suyumbeka wearing armor and helmet, bearing in mind that it is sovereign of Kazan, and was led by defenders. At first she tried to call for help his father and brother, but they remained loyal to the contract with John IV.
. Suyumbeka so brilliantly led the defense of Kazan, that famous Russian commander Prince Andrew Kurbski unable to take the city by storm, and the case decided the secret tunnel and blast walls of the city
. Queen of Kazan was honorably taken to Moscow together with his son. And in Kazan, repeated in the architecture of Moscow's Kazan Station, stay forever semiyarusnaya Suyumbekina tower about 35 yards, adorn the Kazan Kremlin.
The story does not end beauties. Ivan the Terrible made king in Kazan Shih-alley. But he soon had to flee to Moscow, where he married ... Suyumbeke. The daughter of Yusuf-Murzas the third time married. Shih-Aley receives possession of the town of Kasimov (Gorodets) and the title of king kasimovskogo. In Kasimov he moved with his beautiful wife.
A Utemish Giray, a son Suyumbeki, baptized in Moscow. Shih-Aley Kasimov died and was buried in 1567 in the local shrine. Beauty queen died before him, in 1557, lived only 37 years old. Probably, her tomb is also in Kasimov. In any case, its descendant - Russian Prince Nikolai Yusupov Jr. thinks so when he writes in his book: "The Scarlet rose from the milky cherry-forgotten tomb strewn with flowers!"
. In Russia, a charming seductive image Suyumbeki lived a very long time
. The Russians called it witch. I would mention the presence of six-rayed star in the prince's coat of arms to the image of the beautiful Yusupov Suyumbeki.
KHERASKOV poet, author of the famous "Rossiyady, Kazan made the queen the main protagonist of his poem, one of the best in the XVIII century Russian. At the beginning of the XIX century in the scenes of Moscow and St. Petersburg are pieces Gruzintsova "Conquest of Kazan" and Glinka's "Sumbeka, or fall of Kazan". Finally in 1832, saw the ballet scene graph Kutaisov "Sumbeka, or conquest of the Kazan kingdom". Pushkin was a performance in which she performed the role Suyumbeki eulogized them in "Onegin" ballerina Istomin.
. The sons of Yusuf-Murzas, Suyumbeki brothers, came to the court of Ivan the Terrible, and since then they and their descendants have become a Russian rulers, without changing the Muslim faith, and receiving awards for their service
. Thus, Ile-Murza king Fedor Ioannovich was granted on the banks of the Volga near Yaroslavl whole town Romanov with Posada (now the city Tutaev). In this beautiful city before the revolution nosivshem name Romanov-Borisoglebsk - an abundance of churches on both banks of the Volga and more - the ruins of an ancient mosque. It was in this city event occurred abruptly changed the fortunes and history of the Yusupov family.
It was in the reign of Feodor Alekseevich. Great-grandson of Yusuf-Murzas named Abdul-Murza taken in Romanov Patriarch Joachim. Historian M. I. Dusty recalled: "One day, a brilliant aristocrat, Prince Nikolai Yusupov was on duty cell-cadet during a dinner at Catherine the Great. On the table was served a goose.
- Do you know how, prince, cut gusyaN - asked by Catherine Yusupov.
- Oh, the goose should be very memorable to my family! - The Count. - My ancestors ate in a great Friday and for the deprived thousands of peasants, granted by him.
. - I would have taken him all his property, because it was given to him on condition that he not eaten on fasting days skoromnogo - jokingly remarked about this story, the Empress. "
. So, great-grandfather, Nikolai Borisovich Yusupov entertained the Patriarch and of ignorance of orthodox positions, fed him a goose
. The patriarch had a goose for the fish, tasted and praised, but the master take and tell: it is supposedly not a fish, a goose, and cook my so skillful that can cook a goose for the fish. The patriarch was angry and on his return to Moscow, told the whole story of Tsar Fedor Alekseevich King Abdul-Murza stripped of all awards, and the rich man overnight become a beggar. He thought hard for three days and decided to be baptized in the Orthodox faith. Abdul Mirza, son Seyusha-Murzas, was baptized under the name of Dmitry and invented his name in memory of his ancestor Yusuf: Yusupov-Knyajevo. It appeared in Russia, Prince Dmitry Yusupov Yusupov-Knyazhevo.
But that same night he had a vision. Audible voice said: "From now on, for betraying the faith will not be in your family in each of his knee more than one male heir, and if they will be more, all but one did not survive longer than 26 years."
. Dmitry Yusupov married Princess Tatiana Feodorovna Korkodinovoy, and according to the prediction of only one son inherited the father
. It was D. Gregory, who served Peter the Great, Lieutenant-General, to whom Peter called simply commanded by Prince Yusupov. Grigory Dmitrievich also only one son lived to adulthood - the Prince Boris Yusupov, a former governor of Moscow. Interestingly, at different times, two representatives of the glorious names have held that post: In addition to Boris, the Governor-General of Moscow in 1915 was Prince Felix Yusupov, Count Sumarokov-Elston.
Son B. G. Yusupova, perhaps the most famous of the glorious names. Prince Nikolai Borisovich (1750-1831) - one of the richest magnates of Russia: there was not only the province, but even the county, where he had not had a village or estate. This year marks 250 years since the birth of this remarkable man. Nikolai Borisovich was also the first director of the Hermitage and the Russian ambassador in Italy, and the expedition's chief of the Kremlin and the Armory, and all theaters of Russia. He created the "near Moscow Versailles" - the amazing beauty and wealth of the estate Arkhangelsk, twice, in 1827 and 1830 respectively, he visited a. S. Pushkin. Known verse of the great poet's letter to Prince Yusupov, written in Moscow in 1830:
. ... To you I yavlyusya; see this palace
. Where compass architect, palette and chisel
. Scientific obey your whim
. And inspiration in the magic of competing.
. Pushkin in his early childhood he lived with his parents in the Moscow Palace of the Prince, in the Big Kharitonievsky Lane
. Images outlandish oriental garden surrounding the palace, and then reflected in the prologue "Ruslan and Ludmilla". This also brings his favorite poet heroine Tatyana Larina in the seventh chapter of "Eugene Onegin" - "in Moscow at the fair bride":
. We Kharitonov in the lane
. Sleigh before the house at the gate
. Stopped ...
. And Tatiana poet merely unites with the Prince Yusupov was born: after all, they came to visit her aunt Tatyana, Princess Alina, and 20 of the last century in Moscow at the Yusupov Palace had lived Princess Alina - sister of H
. B. Yusupov Alexander B.. Some reflections of the poet talks with Prince Yusupov is in the images of the famous Boldin Autumn Pushkin, and when the prince died, the poet writes in a letter: "My Yusupov died."
But let us turn to the next step in the genus and the accompanying rock. Boris Nikolayevich, Lord Chamberlain, the son of H. B. Yusupova, lived mainly in St. Petersburg and also left the sole heir - Prince Nikolai Borisovich Yusupov Jr.. This was a talented musician and writer, vice-director of the Petersburg Public Library, who is married to the Duchess Tatiana Alexandrovna de Ribotpierre. At Prince Nikolai cut short the junior male line of the ancient kind.
. Sole heir - a beauty and a rich bride Russia Princess Zinaida Yusupova, portraits were writing the best artists of that time Serov and Makovsky, - married the great-grandson of M
. I. Kutuzov and the grandson of King of Prussia Russian Count Felix Sumarokov-Elston, Lieutenant-General and Governor of Moscow. And the Emperor Alexander III, to satisfy the request of Prince H. B. Yusupova, Jr., in order not to cut short a famous name, authorizes Count Sumarokov-Elston also called Prince Yusupov. This title was supposed to pass to the eldest sons.
In a happy marriage, born and raised two sons, both graduated from the University of Oxford. Senior named Prince Nikolai Yusupov Yusupov (1883-1908). Parents already have forgotten about the dire predictions, when the eve of his 26 th anniversary of Nikolai Yusupov fell in love with a woman whose husband had called him to a duel and ... killed. The duel was held in St. Petersburg on Krestovsky in June 1908, the estate of princes Beloselskikh-Belozersky. Nicholas both times fired in the air ... "The body was placed in the chapel," - wrote the younger brother of Felix, which passed the title of Prince Yusupov. Was buried, Prince Nikolai Yusupov in the suburban Archangel.
Stunned parents buried the eldest son, built in the Archangel Church, the tomb where they had to find their last refuge Yusupov. Temple built the famous Moscow architect R. I. Klein until 1916. Revolution broke out, and the temple has never accepted by their codes of any burial. So he stands still a monument to the terrible curse of the Yusupov family, flinging wings of the colonnades towards the fate of ...


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