Merkur'ev was born April 6, 1904 in Island (now - Pskov region). On the theatrical stage, he first came out in his hometown. In 1926 Vasily
Merkuryev graduated from the Leningrad Institute for the Performing Arts, where he was in the workshop L. Vivien, under whom he subsequently worked for ten years at the Leningrad theater acting. From 1937 until his death Basil Merkur'ev worked at the Leningrad Theater of Drama named after Pushkin. On stage, he created many roles, including Maximov ( "For those who are in the sea" Lavrenev), Menshikov ( "Peter I" A. Tolstoy), Malvolio (Twelfth Night by Shakespeare) as a director, he staged several performances. In cinema Vasily
Merkur'ev debuted in 1937, played in the film Gregory Kozintsev "The Return of Maxim" the role of student-Menshevik. The greatest success and viewers love a talented comedic actor, brought the work - a senior lieutenant of cloud in the brilliant film "Heavenly slug", . Forester in an unforgettable fairy tale "Cinderella", . Architect Nestratov in lyrical tape "True Friends", . Malvolio in a screen version of Shakespeare's "Twelfth Night",
. But in the works Merkurieva is undoubtedly successful and dramatic roles, with films that have become classics of Soviet cinema - for example, Stepan in the movie "The Story of a Real Man and Fedor in the drama" The Cranes Are Flying ". In addition, since 1932, Basil Merkur'ev taught at the Leningrad State Institute of Theater, Music and Cinematography, which in 1950 became professor.