(1836/37 - 1910)
Since 1855, Mr.. lived in St. Petersburg, where he met with M. I. Glinka and A. S. Dargomyzhsky, performed as a pianist. In the early 60's. years under the direction of Balakirev
, . a convinced champion of the progressive democratic musical art, . formed music workshop, . entered the history of music called 'Mighty Handful', . with energy, . Balakirev
was the experience of creative inspiration and mentor members of the circle, . had a great influence on their work,
was one of the founders (together with GY Lomakin, . 1862) and the leader of the Free Music School (1868 - 1873 and 1881 - 1908), . conducted its concerts (promoting the music of young Russian composers), . in 1867-60 - symphony concerts RMO, . headed courtier chapel (1883-94),
. Much attention is paid Balakirev
collection and study of folk songs. Great value two collections (the songs collected and harmonized Balakirev
) - 'Collection of Russian folk songs. 40 songs for voice and piano '(NSC, 1866), '30 Russian Folk Songs' (SPB. 1898).
The basis of creativity Balakirev
- instrumental music (symphonic and piano), mainly in software, and romances. Continuing the traditions of Glinka he developed the principles of Russian epic and folk genre symphonic. Balakirev
made a significant contribution to the Russian piano music. It is clearly a national folk art reflected images, pictures of Russian life. Balakirev
made extensive use of folklore as the Russian ( 'Overture on themes of three Russian songs' symphonic poem 'Rus'), and other peoples ( 'Spanish Overture' symphonic poem 'In Bohemia'). He was a property interest in the topic of the East (the symphonic poem "Tamara", fantasy for piano 'Islam'), traditional for Russian composers. Works of Balakirev
entered the Russian music classics of the 19 th century. His work greatly influenced the development of Russian music.