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Rimsky-Korsakov Nikolay Andreevich

( Composer)

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Biography Rimsky-Korsakov Nikolay Andreevich
Rimsky-Korsakov - an outstanding Russian composer, musical-social activist, teacher - has left a huge musical legacy. It includes 15 operas, 3 symphonies, several orchestral works, songs. He also owned two collections of Russian folk songs, books and articles on various aspects of musical art. Individuality Rimsky-Korsakov's most fully revealed in his operas. They are marked with an ardent interest in history, life, poetic ideas and customs of the people. They are widely used motifs of folk epics and tales, the treasures of Russian folk song.
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov was born on 6 (18) March 1844. in Tikhvin near St. Petersburg. The boy's musical talent emerged early, but the family tradition in the age of 12 he identified the Marine Corps in St. Petersburg. In 1861, Mr.. He tied a close creative connection with the circle Balakirev ( 'Mighty Handful'), which included Cui, Mussorgsky, and somewhat later - Borodin. Communication Rimsky-Korsakov with Balakirev circle was interrupted by a two-year circumnavigation, which served as the source of a variety of impressions, reflected in his work. The most significant works of the early period - symphonic picture 'Sadko' and the opera "The Maid of Pskov '(1872). In 1871 Rimsky-Korsakov was adopted in the number of professors of the St. Petersburg Conservatory, and held this position for nearly forty years. A close study of Russian and Ukrainian folk songs brought to life the opera 'May Night' (1879) and 'Snow Maiden' (1881), reflecting the enthusiasm of Rimsky-Korsakov's fairy tales and pagan mythology.
Most intense period of creativity began in the mid 90's. For a fantastic opera-ballet "Mlada" (1889) followed by opera-Koljadka 'Night Before Christmas' (1895), the epic opera' Sadko '(1896), Lyric Opera of' Vera Sheloga '(1898, one act - a prologue to' The Maid of Pskov ') and' The Tsar's Bride '(1898). At the turn of XX century once again drawn attention to the composer's opera-tale, but under the influence of new moods in Russian society, it becomes different than before, the ideological meaning. Irony in 'The Tale of Tsar Saltan' (1900) gives way to a political allegory in the 'autumn fairy tale' 'Kashchei Immortal' (1902) and withering satire in 'Golden Cockerel' (1907). By the last period of creativity are also dramatic opera legend 'Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden Fevronia' (1903), completing the epic line of development of Russian musical theater.
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov died 8 (21) June 1908 in the estate Lubensk near St. Petersburg.

Unofficial page
  • Site of the great Russian composer N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, including an illustrated biography, a list of musical and literary works, information about museums composer in Tikhvin, Lubensk and St. Petersburg. (Search should be done through the "Search", because the address is not changed).

  • Site is in English, on H. A. Rimsky-Korsakov. Biography of the composer, a full list of musical works, sound recordings. Memorial Museum of Rimsky-Korsakov in St. Petersburg.

  • Site dedicated H. A. Rimsky-Korsakov and the Museum-Reserve of the composer. Great article, lots of photos and reproductions.

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