(24.04.1903 - 14.10. 1958)
The son of an agronomist and rural teachers. Secondary education in Urzhumskaja realschule.
In 1921, in St. Petersburg comes to the Department of Language and Literature Pedagogical Institute named after a. I. Herzen.
The first book Zabolockij 'Columns' (1929, 22 poems) was noisy and even scandalous success. The poetics of the grotesque and tongue-tied, disorders of rhythm and meter, shocking prosaic, candid colloquial style - stunning reader. Vrochem, the manner of 'column' was natural for the author. In 1927 Zabolotskii
with D. Harms, A. Vvedensky, K. Vaginov etc.. founded the literary and theatrical group Oberiu (Association of Real Art). Are common to all members of the group elements alogism, absurd, grotesque, were not purely formal methods, and expressed, and originally, conflicts mirouklada.
. After the publication in 1933 of the poem 'The triumph of agriculture' Zabolotskii
was declared champion of formalism and an apologist for alien ideology
. Ready-to-print book of poems (1933) did not come out. Livelihood gave work in children's literature - Zabolotskii
worked in magazines 'hedgehog' and 'Siskin', wrote poetry and prose for children. The best known of his translation-processing for the youth of the poem W. Rustaveli's "Knight in Panther's Skin '(in the first 50 years was made a full translation of the poem), as well as transcriptions of books of Rabelais' Gargantua and Pantagruel' and the novel De Coster 'Till Eulenspiegel'. Nevertheless, in 1937 published his next, which includes 17 poems, a book - 'The second book'.
March 19, 1938 Zabolotskii
was arrested and permanently cut off from the literature. In 1944 he was serving his undeserved punishment in labor camps in the Far East and in the Altai region.
In 1946 Zabolotskii
was reinstated in the Writers' Union and received permission to live in the capital. The new, Moscow period of his creativity.
In 1957 he published his most complete intravital collection (64 poems and selected translations). After reading this book, K. I. Chukovskij wrote Zabolotsky enthusiastic words: "I am writing to you with the respectful timidity with which he wrote to Tjutchev or Derzhavin. For me there is no doubt, . that the author of 'crane', . 'Swan', . 'Give me, . Starling, . Corner ', . 'Loser', . 'Actresses', . 'Human persons', . 'Morning', . 'Lake Forest', . 'Blind', . 'At the Movies', . 'Walkers', . 'Ugly girl', . 'I am not looking for harmony in nature' - a truly great poet, . creativity which sooner or later the Soviet culture (may be, . even against the will) have to be proud of, . as one of the highest achievements of their,
. Some people from my present, these lines may seem reckless and a gross mistake, but I'm responsible for them all his seventy readers 'experiences' (June 5, 1957).