Astronaut Russia. Born September 5, 1929 in the village Shorshely Mariinsko Posad district of the Chuvash Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (now the Republic of Chuvashia). In 1947 he graduated Mariinsko Posad Forestry College and was assigned to the work of a master trust 'Yuzhkarelles' on logging in Karelia. In Karelia, he worked until 1950, when he was drafted into the Soviet Army. Initially engaged in a course of air gunners, and in August 1951 was adopted in the Frunze Military Aviation School. After graduating from college in 1954, he served in aviation units in the Moscow. In 1960, he was enrolled in the detachment of Soviet cosmonauts (1960 Group of the Air Force? 1). It has been fully trained to fly aboard Vostok type. He was understudy G. S. Titov during the flight of Vostok-2 (August 1961). 11 - 15 August 1962 made his first space flight on board Vostok-3. For the first time in the world was committed group space flight of two manned spacecraft (Vostok 3 and Vostok-4). The flight lasted 3 days 22 hours 22 minutes. After the flight continued training at cosmonaut detachment, from 1963 to 1968 he served as commander of the cosmonaut corps. In 1963 he married the world's first woman cosmonaut Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova. Without separation from work in 1968, he graduated from the Air Force Engineering Academy H. E. Zhukovsky. In 1968 - 1974 years - Deputy Chief of Cosmonaut Training Center SW. A. Gagarin. Trained to fly on the 'Moon' program, was the commander of one of the crew. After the closure of the Soviet 'moon' program was preparing to fly aboard Soyuz-type. He served as commander of the backup crew during the flight of the spacecraft Soyuz-8 (October 1969). 1 - 19 June 1970 made his second space flight as commander of Soyuz-9. At that time it was the longest space flight. After landing, owing to the fact that the astronauts little exercise during the flight, problems with adaptation to terrestrial conditions. Astronauts feel unwell, could not walk. This condition in the medical literature has been called 'the effect Nikolaeva'. The flight lasted 17 days 16 hours 58 minutes 55 seconds. For two flights flown in space 21 days 15 hours 20 minutes 55 seconds. In 1974 he was appointed First Deputy Chief of Cosmonaut Training Center and served in that position until retirement.
Member of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR 6 - 11-th convocation. People's deputy of RSFSR from 1990. by 1993.
Twice Hero of the Soviet Union. He was awarded two Orders of Lenin, the Order of Labor Red Banner, Red Star and medals. He was awarded a gold medal to. E. Tsiolkovsky, the gold medals 'Cosmos', de Lavaux and the name S. A. Gagarin (FAI). Hero of Socialist Labor of Bulgaria. Hero of Labor of the DRV. Hero of the MPR. He was awarded with Georgi Dimitrov, Cyril and Methodius (Bulgaria), Banner of I degree with diamonds (Hungary), Sukhbaatar (Mongolia), Stars of the Class II (Indonesia), Necklace of the Nile (Egypt). He was awarded prizes in honor of Daniel and Florence Guggenheim. Honorary member of the International Academy of Astronautics. Winner of USSR State Prize (1981). Honorary citizen of Kaluga, Smolensk, Rzhev, Makhachkala, Nalchik, Caspian (Russia), Karaganda (Kazakhstan), Darkhan (Mongolia), Sofia, Petrich, Stara Zagora, Varna, Pleven (Bulgaria), Karlovy Vari (Czech Republic), Buira (Algeria). Name Nikolayev named a crater on the Moon.
Author of books 'See you in orbit' and 'Space - the road without end'.
- Biography astronaut A. G. Nikolaeva site dedicated to the honorable citizens, Mr.. Smolensk.
- Biography astronaut A. G. Nikolayev, a description of his life and work, picture on the website "Space. Space exploration.
- Curriculum Vitae of A. G. Nikolayev, cosmonaut's picture on the site the Air Force of Russia.
- Curriculum Vitae of the astronaut A. G. Nikolayev, a description of its activities, the number of flights, information on cruises, and many other information on the site of the Institute of Biomedical Problems.
- Biography astronaut A
. G. Nikolayev, a description of his flight, calling, photography.
- Official site of the Museum of Cosmonauts Training Center.
. Efimov: "The first transmission of television images from space objects in the system broadcast" television network "and" Contest "(" Tele-Satellite ", б? 5, May 1996). Historical sketch of the first launches of space vehicles into space, including the launch 11.08.62 spacecraft "Vostok-3", piloted by a. G. Nikolayev.
- Information about the names of A. G. Nikolaeva, data on relatives and namesakes astronaut at the All-Russia family tree.