Born April 8, 1964 in Moscow, Russian.
. In 1988 he graduated from the Economics Faculty of Moscow State University, specializing in economics.
. From 1988 to 1990 - Associate Researcher, Institute of Economics Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
. In January 1991, became one of the founders of the Center for Economic and Political Studies (Epicenter)
. Since 1991 - Senior Researcher epicenter.
12 December 1993 was elected to the State Duma of the first convocation.
In 1994 - 95 - Member of the Moscow City Party Committee, the Democratic Alternative (DA!). From January 1995 - Member of the Bureau of the Federal Council of the Yabloko.
17 December 1995 was elected to the State Duma of the second convocation. From January 1996 to December 1999 - Member of the State Duma Committee on Natural Resources and Environment.
19 December 1999 was elected to the State Duma of the third convocation.
Married. Has one daughter.