(05. 04. 1908 - 06. 10. 1989), American actress. Real name - Ruth Elizabeth.
From a young age took part in amateur productions, was engaged in a private drama school in 1928 made her debut in a provincial theater. In 1930, because of their appearance did not pass a screen test with. Goldwyn, but then signed a contract with the 'Universal'. K. Lemmle would make her doll heroine of sentimental melodramas, and in 1932. actress went to 'Warner Brothers'. As before, . Davis
appeared in melodramas (for participation in one of them - 'Dangerous', . received her first Oscar), . but that she managed to open for the screen type of modern American women - emancipated, . calculating, . selfish and cruel, . able to survive in a world of people, . who 'make themselves',
. Having role malosimpatichnoy waitress Mildred ( "Of Human Bondage ', 1934), played it remarkably reliable, with the emotional heat of. From this work, Davis
is developing a type does not stop at nothing heroines, whose authoritativeness, immorality and cruelty of help to win the 'place in the sun', but it is pernicious not only for others but for themselves. The best of the works of Davis
become refractory yuzhanka in the film have. Wyler 'Jezebel' (Jezebel, 1938, award 'Oscar'), Empress Carlotta in the film 'Juarez' (Juarez, 1939), prey Regina Hubbard in the film 'Chanterelle' (The Little Foxes, 1941).
. In 1950, the actress in an attempt to change the Role brilliantly performs the role of the outgoing theater star in the film 'All About Eve'
. Having played in the movie about a hundred roles, Davis
, and in his declining years remained "the first lady of American cinema '. Her character roles in minor films and rare role of the first plan, such as 'What Ever Happened to Baby Jane' (What Ever Happened To Baby JaneN 1962), 'Hush, hush, sweet Charlotte' (Hush... hush, Sweet Charlotte, 1964), 'The game of cards scientifically' (Italy, 1972); 'Whales of August' (The Whales Of August, 1987) played psychologically deep, impeccably professional and possess a unique aura of a strong and controversial personality.
. The first woman elected to the 1941-1945 president of the American Academy, the first of the Hollywood stars who dared to rebel against their masters, Davis
became the first woman to be honored by the American Film Institute for the aggregate labor of life (1977)
. So not having received 'Oscar' for his contribution to cinema, yet was awarded the 1986 Award 'Cesar' in France, where she died three and a half years later.
. Page B Davis
. in "universal encyclopedia" on megaportals "Cyril and Methodius".