He is Sheikh Osama
bin Mohammed bin Aouate bin Laden
, Prince, the Emir, Abu Abdallah, Mudzhahil Shaykh, Hajj, the Director.
. Born June 28, 1957 Place of birth Jeddah or Makkah (Saudi Arabia)
. In 1974 he graduated from the Faculty of Economics University of King Abdel Aziz (r
. Jeddah, Saudi Arabia). He was married three times, two sons. The latter's wife - the daughter of Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar.
At age 16 he joined the one operating in Saudi Arabia's Islamic fundamentalist groups.
In December 1979, after learning about the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Laden
sent there to fight for the independence of the Afghan Muslims.
In 1989 he settled in Sudan, which began to create a "United Islamic State" (intended Laden
, in a "state" should enter about 50 countries in Asia, Africa and Europe).
In 1990 he created a radical Islamic terrorist group Al Qaeda "(translated as" Basis ").
In 1994. Saudi Arabia's government deprived him of his citizenship and froze his accounts.
In June 1996, joined the Taliban movement, which provided financial support.
In 1996. Laden
issued a call to destroy the American forces stationed in Saudi Arabia and Somalia.
During 1994 - 1996 he. organized training camps for militants in Sudan, North Yemen and Afghanistan.
In 1997, negotiations took place between Laden
and Chechen representatives on the idea of creating an Islamic state in the North Caucasus.
In 1998. He called for attacks on American citizens.
In 1998, Osama
announced the establishment of the organization "World Islamic Front against Jews and Crusaders.
In 1999, in an interview with the weekly "Time" Laden
said that he was going to acquire weapons of mass destruction.
In 1999. FBI Laden
included in the list of the most intensely wanted persons, and the U.S. State Department appointed him to pay $ 5 million.
In mid-1999 to fund operations for the infiltration of the number of Arab and Afghan Mujahideen in the Chechen bandit groups in Dagestan.
In summer 2001, the U.S. warned of "an unprecedented attack on American interests".
Now available for bin Laden
's almost 7000 supporters who are in 20 countries. It finances the activities of some 50 terrorist organizations.
. Here's a short list attributed to him in recent years, acts of terror:
. the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center in New York;
. in 1995 an explosion killed five American soldiers in Saudi Arabia;
. in 1996 a powerful bomb planted in a car, destroyed a residential complex for American troops in Saudi Arabia;
. in 1998, arranged the blasts near U.S. embassies in Sudan and Tanzania;
. in 2000, a suicide bomber approached the American destroyer Cole moored off the coast of Yemen
. Killing 17 U.S. Navy sailors;
September 11, 2001 - the attacks from the air in the U.S..
September 16, 2001 Laden
has denied charges of involvement in terrorist attacks in the U.S.. According to bin Laden
, he has not been possible to organize such an operation abroad, reports AFP, since all of his contacts with the outside world on the orders of Taliban leader Mohammad Omar limited
. September 23, 2001 for the head Laden
was a reward of $ 25 million
. Origin, capital
. Activities Laden
. Third-party evaluation, characteristics
. Constant contacts, communication
. Osama bin Ladin (Laden)
. Bin Laden wants to put a paw on our neftN
. Ismail Khan