Eric Karlfeldt( Swedish poet, Nobel Prize for Literature, 1931)
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Biography Eric Karlfeldt
July 20, 1864, Mr.. - April 8, 1931
Swedish poet Erik Axel Karlfeldt was born in the village Folkerna in Dalecarlia. His ancestors were farmers, and his father, Eric Ersson Karlfeldt - self-taught lawyer and his mother, nee Anna Yansdotter, married father K., already a widow. Childhood Years to. passed peacefully in a quiet rural area of central Sweden. However, shortly after receipt of Eric at Uppsala University, his father went bankrupt, was forced to sell the main family estate Tolfmansgorden and died soon. K. a living by giving private lessons and graduated from the University only in 1902. Having worked for a year a teacher, he had received a librarian at the Agricultural Academy in Stockholm.
In 1895, Mr.. K. published the first of six collections of poetry - 'Songs of the Wilderness and love' ( 'Vildmarcks - och karleksvisor'). As in most of his works, in these verses describe the peasant life in Dalecarlia, with an appeal to the pagan past of the Swedish peasantry sound mystical tones. In poetry, K., ethnographically specific, deeply lyrical and traditional in spirit, betrays a nostalgia for a simpler life, to a peasant culture, which is gradually disappearing due to increasing industrialization and urbanization of Sweden. Poetic collections 'Songs Fridolin' ( 'Fridolins visor', 1898) and 'Garden of Delights Fridolin' ( 'Fridolins lustgard', 1901) received its name from the Fridolin, lyrical, that conceals the author himself. Through the words of the hero - polupoeta, polukrestyanina - K. speaks of himself as a man who 'with the peasants speak the language of the common and Latin - with educated people'. In the book 'Garden Fridolin' entered a cycle of poems' Murals Dalecarlia '(' Dalmalningar, . utlagda pa rim ') - the most original poems of the poet, . which describes the traditional folk paintings on biblical and mythological scenes, . decorating the walls of peasant homes,
. Although K. never ceased to write about Dalecarlia, his poetry has changed, gradually becoming more mature; cloudlessness early poems gave way to more complex and varied in mood, sometimes even somber poetry.
In 1904. K. was elected to the Swedish Academy, and in 1907. became a member of the Nobel Committee for Literature. In 1912, Mr.. poet was appointed Permanent Secretary of the committee. While he held this position, he was offered the Nobel Prize, but K. refused, citing its position in the Academy, as well as the fact that outside of Sweden, he was relatively little is known. K. was the first who refused the prize.
To. rarely wrote prose, and almost his only prose - this obituary to the Swedish poet Gustaf Fredingu, who died in 1911, and a speech at the Nobel Prize to Sinclair Lewis in 1930. At home for. quoted high, but outside of Sweden was little known. His poems are difficult to translate - largely because of the large number of conversational idiomatiki and archaisms transmitting speech Swedish farmers.
In 1916, Mr.. K. married Gerd Holm-berg, a woman younger than his twenty years, they had two children.
To. died suddenly in 1931, and six months after his death, the Swedish Academy voted for awarding him the Nobel Prize in literature. Especially actively fought for the award to. Nathan Sц╤derblom, a member of the Swedish Academy and Archbishop of Uppsala. The decision caused widespread discontent Academy, . particularly in Sweden, . in connection with what had to remind, . what, . under the rules of the Nobel Prize, . posthumous award possible in the case, . if the candidate put forward for the first time before the death of prize winner,
. As a result, the family K. was given the Nobel Prize.
. 'In an era when things handmade - a rarity - he said in his speech, a member of the Swedish Academy Anders Esterling - in masterfully polished language karlfeldtovskih of poetry there is something special, if you will, a moral significance
. Particularly captivating is that a poet, draws its inspiration primarily from a vanishing past, a means of expressing deeply unconventional, he bold innovator, while the modernists are often satisfied with merely a passing fashion language '.
. American literary Alrik Gustafson defined contribution to
. in the literature as follows: 'By. - One of the greatest poets of the Swedish. His verses are well thought-out and refinement, solid and at the same time extremely imaginative skill ... The poetic style to. largely traditional, but it is the traditional characteristics'.
American translator Charles Wharton Stork, wrote in 1940: 'Like no other Swedish poet, K. close to the land and the people ... For all his scholarship were his constant themes of earth and sky '.
At present, however, K. outside Sweden unknown, his poems are practically inaccessible, the critics almost never pay attention to it.