Belchenko Sergei Savich( Veterans.)
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Biography Belchenko Sergei Savich
(October 4, 1903)
For many years he worked on a voluntary basis in the Soviet Committee of War Veterans. Now Sergei Savich is the ninety-seventh year. He envied cheerful and tireless His bright head and a wonderful memory. He systematically engaged in morning exercises and makes walking in fresh air,
Born October 4, 1903 in the village of Salt Dnipropetrovsk region. Father - Belchenko Sawa Andreyevna (1879. born.). Mother - Anastasiya Feodorovna. Wife - Nadezhda (1908. born.). Sons: Sergey (1929. born.), retired colonel, Valentin S. (1939. born.), pianist, Honored Artist of Russia. Grandchildren: Sergei Sergeyevich, Russia Army lieutenant colonel, Vitaly Sergeevich, working, Nadezhda V., pianist, student GITIS. Great-grandson - George.
Military fate of Sergei Belchenko began in 1924 as a coastal artillery fortress of Sevastopol seaside. By this time, for his shoulders were two courses in economic and social college, and it just select it from the then ignorant contingent of Red Army. Sergey graduated from the three-month courses of artillery, became commander of the fortress six-inch guns. Actively participated in public life unit. He often was assigned to carry out even politchas.
This activity was reflected in the future on his personal plans: after his discharge from the army he was going to enter the Mining Institute, and suddenly he was sent to the Kiev military-political school. It was there reluctantly, under pressure from the Commissioner, who had served, obviously, no quota, but quickly became involved in the Cadet being carried away studying, went to the best students, two years ahead of schedule was released and sent to the border troops. Asked to be in the artillery - not allowed. I went to Turkmenistan, in Kerkinsky border guard.
But before that prudently married his Zemlyachka Nadia from the village of Salt, that the Dnipropetrovsk. With it, and live in peace and harmony now 71 year. Could not find much time for the border service has been changed garrisons, not to measure experienced difficulties and hardships. Ill with all typical of the then Central Asian disease - Persian fever, malaria ... Languish in the heat. Fought with Basmachi. Nadezhda, too, had no time to participate in the reflection of their raids. She owned a good rifle, and remained in the saddle.
In 1932 Belchenko enrolled in the Higher School of Frontier. After he was left in her as a teacher. And in 1939 he composed operative Chekist group participates in the march of our army in Western Byelorussia.
The Great Patriotic War found him in the position of chief of regional management of the Bialystok NKGB. Joining in Bialystok two raiding parties, led by their deputies, he retreated to the east along with the Red Army and border. During the bombing was contused. In the pandemonium on the roads of retreat attracted the attention of coolness and diligence. When blown up to the highway bridge over the river Zelvianka clustered thousandth of an armada of retreating troops and refugees, . and German pilots bombed mercilessly and with impunity, and shot people with strafing, . Belchenko dawned smuggle retreating to the other side of the railroad bridge located near, . which the Germans did not bomb and will not bomb, . because he needed his own,
. Many then tossing the bridge fighters and refugees remembered that a small, agile, voiced captain from the diamond in their buttonholes, major KGB, the Cheka with logos on the sleeves, with a revolver in his hand and fire in his eyes.
. Reaching Mogilev, Belchenko sought out representatives of the Belarusian Republican leadership and the union of the NKVD, is involved in the creation of a guerrilla movement and the Underground
. And then he was appointed deputy chief of the special section of the Western Front, . because it knew him well, . assumed his new duties - organizing the fight against spies and saboteurs, . where the enemy is actively parachuted in small groups in the rear of our troops.,
. In the Kalinin partisan edge Belchenko mastered quickly, although the region was extensive
. Places difficult - impenetrable forests and swamps. But for the enemy, they were more difficult than for locals, the guerrillas. And they made full use of their advantages over the enemy. Already in autumn 1941 there were 55 fighting guerrilla groups numbering more than fifteen hundred people, and inflicted heavy losses to the enemy.
Since coming to power in Belchenko combat the guerrillas by continuously increasing. In the occupied territories of the region there were areas occupied by the guerrillas, which operated the Soviet laws and authorities. The Germans had to fight with the guerrillas to withdraw troops from the front, but it gave no result.
. First prize in his military biography was the Order of the Red Banner, received in December 1941 at the command post of the Western Front near Moscow from the hands of the commander of this front GK
. Zhukov. And the order on awarding has been signed by him.
. Sergei Savich cherishes yellowed and worn at the folds, ,
. Sergei Savich served as then deputy chief of the special section of the Western Front
. Head pribalival and Belchenko have often receive orders directly from senior commander of the Front. All of them, he carefully and successfully carried out, what is remembered and, apparently, like Zhukov.
. Once he, . inviting Belchenko to his, . showed him two cables: one commander of, . rear of the enemy, . complained, . that does not receive adequate air cover from its supporting air division, . in the other - the commander of this division, claimed, . that completely cover provides.,
. "Understand which of them is lying, and take action on the ground" - "Zhukov said.
. Belchenko immediately flew to the airmen
. And it turned out that the flights take place behind enemy lines, but because our connection there is in constant motion, the pilots due to lack of fuel to designated points was barely ... We had airmen immediately relocate to the airfield, located closer to the front. On behalf of the Commander (Zhukov gave him such a right) Belchenko Divisional Commander ordered the immediate relocation perform this. And soon, the front commander received from the commander of the rear of the enemy's compound new telegram: "Red star over you."
. This and other battle scenes become the basis for awarding Belchenko such a high order - the Red Banner
. Before handing Zhukov Belchenko asked an unexpected question:
- You are our front-line newspaper chitaeteN
- Not always, Comrade Commander, - confessed Belchenko, "do not have time.
- It is necessary to keep pace - good-naturedly advised Zhukov. - In order for her and your award is published ...
Front commander apparently was in good spirits. It was evident on the face lit by a smile, and for some mildly cheerful tone of voice. Belchenko also felt on the rise. The whole country in those days was inspired hope. Our counter-attack, launched by Moscow on 5-6 December, despite the severe frost and deep snow cover has been developed successfully. Were already exempt from the enemy Rogachevo, Istra, Solnechnogorsk, Klin, Kalinin, Volokolamsk. The morale of the German fascist army cracked. Interrogating prisoners, Belchenko clearly convinced of this ...
. In May 1942 MGB Major Belchenko a new assignment - chief of staff of the Western guerrilla movement, . and in September the same year - the representative of the Central Headquarters of Partisan Movement, . member of the Military Council of the Kalinin Front,
The highest rise of guerrilla warfare behind enemy lines has reached the end of 1943. By this time Belchenko more than six months was deputy chief of the Central Headquarters of Partisan Movement (TSSHPD) at SHAPE headquarters and introduced to the development of this movement its contribution. Chief TSSHPD Lieutenant General Panteleimon Ponomarenko Kondratievich laid on him mainly conduct intelligence and counterintelligence for the fronts. There guerrillas were everywhere your eyes and ears. Daily central headquarters sent a voluminous summary of intelligence on the enemy in the rate where this information is valued.
"One day, - says Belchenko - we have reduced a summary of about one-third against the normal levels. Of Odds immediately followed the call: "What is your summary suddenly pobednelaN" - Stalin asked by Ponomarenko. "We have reduced it by a small information" - he replied. "We are here shows that a marked, but that small," - replied Stalin.
Working TSSHPD, Sergei Savich was directly involved in planning and conducting a number of major combat operations partisans. One of them was the operation codenamed "rail war", . held August 3 - September 15, 1943 in the occupied territory of Russia, . Belarus and parts of Ukraine to assist the Soviet Army at the end of the defeat of Nazi troops in the Battle of Kursk and the development of a general offensive,
. By doing so, drew TSSHPD Belarusian, Leningrad, Kalinin, Smolensk, Orel and part of the Ukrainian partisans - all 167 teams and individual units.
. During the operation was compromised nearly 215 thousand rails, a lot of trains (only the Belarusian partisans - 836 levels and three armored), blown up bridges and terminal facilities
. Some railway traffic was delayed for 3-15 days, and the highway Mogilev - Krichev, Polotsk-Dvinsk, Mogilev-Zhlobin not worked all of August. The massive, simultaneous, coordinated by the Central Staff of rail strikes on the huge front well have contributed to the successes of our army.
TSSHPD force until January 13, 1944. After its dissolution State Security Commissioner Belchenko was appointed People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of Belarus, he worked in this position 10 years. In the future commander of border troops of the Leningrad district, was deputy chairman of the KGB.
Since 1959 he is retired. In 1998, Colonel-General retired. S. Belchenko was awarded the Order of Zhukov. This is the thirteenth medal on the chest Sergey Savich. In his dress uniform, four Orders of Lenin, the Order of Zhukov, five orders of the Red Banner, Order of Patriotic War I degree, Red Star, Friendship.
For many years he worked on a voluntary basis in the Soviet Committee of War Veterans. Now Sergei Savich is the ninety-seventh year. He envied cheerful and tireless His bright head and a wonderful memory. He has systematically engaged in morning exercises and makes walking in fresh air, combining them with the implementation of economic orders spouses.
He lives on the fifth floor. Elevator does not use.