ANTONOV Nikolay Grigorievich( Hero of Labor)
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Biography ANTONOV Nikolay Grigorievich
(May 25, 1924)
Medal "Gold Star of the Hero and the Order of Lenin Nikolai Grigorievich Antonov handed Marshal of Armored Forces Pavel Rybalko. Transferred to the reserve, Antonov arrives at the plant "Frazier", works on intragrinding machine. Day in the shop. In the evening - at the desk instrumental College. A few years later he is transferred to the Moscow Mechanical Plant Minmontazhspetsstroya. First master. Then the engineer-technologist. And so - until retirement, which came out in 1984.
Born May 21, 1924 in the village of Aleksandrovka Efremovsky district of Tula region. Father, Grigory Ivanovich, was an agronomist, horticulturist. His mother, Marya Ivanovna, who worked on the farm.
Learn Nicholas happened in various schools. Parents of three moved to a new residence. In the 8 th and 9 th grades, he studied in Moscow. End of 9 th class coincided with the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. Of course, like many young men, Nicholas rushed to the front. In the group of his peers, he was in the military enlistment. But the military commissar, referring to his draft age, advised to apply at the Moscow School of Military Engineers.
. - But I do not have full secondary education, - said the young man.
. - And you ask nicely selection committee, try to pass the entrance exam
. Honor books 10 th grade.
. Council commissar proved by the way, and Antonova, external data which is: calm, articles, and strong - inspire complete confidence, after the exams was enrolled in military school.
. In 1943, Nicholas was promoted to lieutenant
. Among these same early graduates of the school he was sent to the army. Lieutenant identified in the 120-th Separate Guards Battalion 6 th Guards Tank Corps, which was part of the famous by the time the 3rd Guards Tank Army General Pavel Rybalko.
. Nineteen young man becomes the commander of an engineering platoon
. Many soldiers of age were fit into his fathers. However, the knowledge gained in the military school, helped him - not once, of course, but over time - to gain prestige and recognition experienced people. In my circle of soldiers of the platoon is often called the platoon commander's "son", to execute his orders issued is always in a calm tone.
And the war went quickly to the west. What did not had the opportunity to build, construct, master sappers platoon Nikolai Antonov in Zhitomir, Berdichevsky, Proskurovo-Chernovtsy, Lvov-Sandomierz operation. Now, like a favorite song, get up in the memory of former platoon commander names of cities: Kazatin, Proskurov, Ternopil, Przemysl, Lviv ...
. Sappers these great workers of the war, they built bunkers and dugouts, repairing roads, to keep them to pass the Army infantry and tanks Rybalko, clear mines
. Work was spate. But more responsible and more dangerous work for a platoon lieutenant came when he was transferred to 22-Guards motorized rifle brigade of the same 6-Guards Tank Corps. Position is the same - the commander of an engineering platoon, but significantly enhanced by technical means. Henceforth his sappers became companions intelligence brigade, and trouble was added above measures. In cases lost count of the days and nights. Had to rest almost on the run. And if the scouts, . which cleared the way for the mine sappers platoon Antonova, . find the most suitable site for the erection of a small bridge over a small creek, . returned to the brigade and the rest, . a bridge-building had a very short time build the crossing, . often under enemy fire,
. Sappers suffered losses. Was bruised and Antonov.
But what is surprising. Considerable number of lightly wounded platoon of soldiers who have fallen for a cure in the military hospitals, as a rule, returned to his platoon, the lieutenant still. There's nothing to be done about it: no luck Antonov military ranks (Lieutenant, he received after the war, shortly before the transfer to the reserve). But luck was on the order. For military successes in the region of Lviv, and it was the summer of 44-th - the Order of the Red Star. Less than six months - on his chest is a second lieutenant and the Order of Patriotic War I degree. Ahead ...
In the brave and resourceful man is finest hour. Antonov recalls how once he was in the range of the top brass 3rd Guards Tank Army. General Rybalko, apparently just arrived from Moscow, said the long-awaited words: "Our army will take Berlin!"
These five words have caused universal rejoicing. Antonov and felt a surge of strength, and much greater responsibility for further actions of the platoon.
... Tanks Fishing - on the outskirts of Berlin. Brute-force, large losses. The scouts reported: more reliable way to Hitler's lair through the bridge. But the bridge was blown up by the enemy. And Antonov received orders to the Brigade Commander: "The hour - the restoration of the bridge. Tanks can not wait! "Just an hour on the bridge tank column continued its way to Berlin. Followed and sappers moved to the area of Potsdam.
. It is only later, when tensions eased when an hour turned out to breathe freely, junior lieutenant in the circle of his soldiers recalled: "And where we have so many Silushka was taken when we constructed from sleepers Klek and brought them under the foundation of the bridge
. And all this is under constant enemy fire. "
... 24 April 1945. This day is particularly memorable to the commander of an engineering platoon. Towards Brigade Teltow canal, whose width was less than 50 meters.
Receiving an order to prepare a ferry, Antonov personally crawled to the channel and found a more covert approaches to it. Return it and were directed folding boat. The engineers have prepared them to be launched. But the trouble is - no gay. They began to seek a way out of this situation. "We need a rope, - said the platoon commander. - Not less than one hundred meters long.
And a strong rope was found. Its something and fixed on the opposite side of the channel. We stretched. And the boats, stuffed to overflowing Brigade soldiers, one after another went through the channel. At this time a ferry struck a German machine gun. Antonov said the artillery, where is the shooting and the gun soon stopped. An hour later, two battalions engaged in battle, press the enemy. Sappers were started to erect a temporary bridge across the canal.
What is left behind an engineering platoon Nikolai Antonov crossings - large and small! And glory has come to a young platoon commander. And before that he once heard: "Nicholas, prepare a hole in the shirt - you presented to the title of Hero."
But weeks went. More than a month to the day when the May Short Nights, otgremev ended in fights, and the long-awaited victory became a reality, a platoon of soldiers gave awards for the crossing, but the reward platoon commander did not reveal itself.
. Building was moved to Czechoslovakia
. At the end of June. And only June 27, 1945 Chief of Engineers, Corps colonel Nesvetailo congratulated Antonova.
- Today on the radio Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. For courage and heroism you named a Hero of the Soviet Union. Many thanks!
Medal "Gold Star of the Hero and the Order of Lenin Nikolai Grigorievich Antonov handed Marshal of Armored Forces Pavel Rybalko.
And ahead - the peaceful life. Transferred to the reserve, Antonov arrives at the plant "Frazier", works on intragrinding machine. Day in the shop. In the evening - at the desk instrumental College. A few years later he is transferred to the Moscow Mechanical Plant б╘ 3 Minmontazhspetsstroya. First master. Then the engineer-technologist. And so - until retirement, which came out in 1984.
But now Nicholas G. - a frequent guest at the factories, in college, in schools where there is more to talk about, have something to tell youth.
Lives in Moscow.