Andrei Ignatiev( Hero of the Soviet Union, Honored Worker of Culture)
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Biography Andrei Ignatiev
Born September 6, 1921 in the village Mesherskoye Podolsk district, Moscow region. Father - Ignatiev, Nikolai Ivanovich (1891 - 1971), Lecturer. Mother - Ignatiev (Kazimirova) Nadezhda Petrovna (1900 - 1984), teacher. Wife - Ignatiev (steering) Inna Nikitichna (1933 - 2000), Senior Editor. Daughter - Dubrovskaya Elena Andreyevna (1947. born.) translator. Grandson - Alexei Andreyevich (1984. born.) schoolboy.
From early childhood, Andrew wanted to be a tanker. Armored vehicles with cannons and machine guns he drew on every piece of paper that fell. From the details presented to the constructor the first thing parents gathered tank. In high school, added a new hobby - military history.
In 1940, after graduating from Moscow High School Andrew called up. Enlistment boy asked to enroll him in armor. In October, the recruits from Moscow arrived in the 323rd Tank Battalion separate Trans-Baikal Military District.
In a letter to parents Ignatiev reported: "... you should not have to worry about me. Though winters and harsh, but I never caught a cold. Learn to tank commander is very interesting, especially here - because in our part of many parties fighting in Khalkhin-...".
Classes are held daily. In addition to studying the material of the tank BT-7, tactics and course of firing in the program consisted of forced marches and long-term transitions. Once training squad raised the alarm and ordered to make a 10-kilometer march with full kit and gas masks. And though had a really hard, Andrey Ignatiev, gritting his teeth, stubbornly repeated to himself: "It must be - one has to be!"
The war and all the sergeants with the formation of 10 classes, were sent to training courses for junior lieutenants. In November 1941 A. N. Ignatiev assigned a rank and was appointed commander of a tank platoon of 111-Panzer Regiment. Parents, he writes: "Now I ... responsible not only for ourselves: we must teach, educate, care for the needs of the people trusted me. "
In November 1942, Ignatieff was transferred to a tank platoon commander in the intelligence division of the 51 st Cavalry Division. In January 1943, this compound has arrived at the Central Front in the 60 Army. In the fields Orel junior lieutenant received a baptism of fire. It was the first time in a young life: the bombing when unloading the train, and reconnaissance by the enemy, and the offensive ahead of the cavalry and infantry, and the loss of military friends in the burning tanks BT-7.
. In the spring of the division was disbanded, and Ignatieff was sent to the town of Rybinsk refresher courses for officers of the Pushkin Tank School
. After graduation of the graduates were sent to the Urals, which formed the replenishment for the tank troops.
. In Nizhny Tagil Andrey Ignatiev and other officers replacement companies helped to recruit workers of the plant T-34 tanks, then to the tank ranges obkatyvali fighting vehicles, shot guns and machine guns
. Finally, the Thirty were taken military representatives, refueled, provided with ammunition, loaded onto a platform to send to the front.
In February 1944 the train arrived in Ukraine, an area Shepetovka. Here Lieutenant A. N. Ignatiev learned that to serve in the famous 1-th Guards Tank Brigade, which was awarded this title first in armor. However, the vacancy platoon commanders were not available, but as commander of the tank, which Ignatiev gave immediate consent.
. In the course of the Chernivtsi Proskurov-offensive, which had one of the objectives of the liberation of Western Ukraine, 1 Panzer Army was advancing on the main line
. March 23 was liberated Chertkov and Moscow twenty artillery volleys saluted the soldiers-liberators.
The next day, 1-th Guards Tank Brigade, Colonel VM. Gorelov, using special equipment for underwater movement of tanks, broke the run on the bottom of the Dniester River. Andrei Ignatiev was really glad that his crew successfully coped with this difficult. In the rapid roll tankers overran the enemy barriers and March 25, stormed the city Gorodenka. Germans quickly retreated, leaving a lot of equipment and fuel supplies.
. For rapid penetration into the depth of the defense retreating enemy on the orders of the commander of the vanguard was established, headed by commander of the 2-Tank Battalion captain
. A. Bochkovskaya. The detachment task was: to make a 75-mile dash, take the city Kolomiya and crossing over the River Prut. At the meeting officers commander explained the general problem and said: "Tanks Spirit, Charles and Ignatieff are in intelligence.
. This meant: three crews go in front of the detachment at a distance of 5.6 kilometers, the first to join the battle, quickly assess the situation and report by radio to the battalion commander.
. 27 March 12 tanks T-34 with the gunmen on the armor rushed to the rear of the enemy
. Barriers nazis Magpies in the settlements, Gvozdets Tsineva tankers and reconnaissance dispersed and partly destroyed, without getting involved in a protracted battle. Approaching Kolomiya they caught two more tank. The road went downhill, and the city on the banks of the Prut was seen as the palm. Second Lieutenant Ignatiev said smoking locomotives at the station and soaring planes from the aerodrome. And then came the white haze of bursts. He opened fire on detected targets. Near guns thundered other tanks.
On the outskirts of the city first broke into the crew of Lieutenant Charles, followed by tank Ignatiev. Maneuvering, they waged an intense fire on the enemy firing points. In the Thirty-Charles has got a heavy shell. Flames flared up, but the gunner-radio operator Zemlyanov continued to shoot machine guns at the enemy infantry. Ignatiev saw standing on the railway platform and tanks opened fire on them. One zachadil, then - the second. Soon the battle joined the vanguard of the approaching tanks.
Prostrate smoke from burning buildings prevented Ignatiev time to notice the German "Tiger". His projectile struck the tower on tritsatchetverki. Return fire flopped. And then a powerful blow from a direct hit by a shell of the tank body shakes Ignatiev. Gunner-radio operator was killed, severely wounded driver, were seriously wounded in the legs loader and tank commander. Incredible effort of will, overcoming great pain Lieutenant reached for a healthy foot pedal trigger gun and fired. Tiger metering. By evening the enemy was defeated and the city released.
. The next day on the radio sounded the order of the Supreme Commander, stating that the troops were the 1 st Ukrainian Front captured the city and major railway junction Kolomiya - an important point of the German defense in the foothills of the Carpathians "
. Again, the Moscow artillery volleys saluted, noting the heroism of Soviet soldiers.
Andrei Ignatiev wrote his parents: "... excuse me, that stayed with the letter ... I feel good, only slightly damaged right leg, why even taken to the hospital, although a slight injury ...".
"Slightly wounded" turned into a year of treatment. In the hospital of the city of Engels, he learned from newspapers that the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 24 May 1944 he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. And do not believe it: you never know Ignatiev white light. Soon came a short letter from the team: "... heartily congratulate your pet, a wonderful artist my maneuver. Solid, bold, brash hero tankman ... Hello to all the boys from the Guards. V. Bochkovskaya.
Dolechivatsya hero was sent to Moscow. The hospital experienced trauma surgeon suggested that individual methods of treatment and said that we should start to walk, gradually increasing the load.
"We should be so," - said Ignatiev and began practice hard. In late September, he left his crutches and October 20, 1944 was able to stick to come to the reception in the Kremlin, where he received the Gold Star and the Order of Lenin. In March 1945, the treatment was completed, but the front has not had time to return. The Civil life.
After receiving the diploma of the Moscow Institute of International Relations in 1950, worked in the Soviet Information Bureau. After four years he studied at the Academy of Social Sciences, he worked in the Committee for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries. In 1964 he was sent to the U.S. to work at the UN.
Andrei Nikolaevich Ignatiev had a chance to meet and talk with NS. Khrushchev, AA. Gromyko, and. Tito, I. Kadar, E. Furtseva, with prominent representatives of culture and science: MA. Sholokhov, AI. Khachaturian, IS. Glazunov, AN. Tupolev. In 1970 in Australia, he gave an explanation Queen Elizabeth II during her inspection of the exhibits of the Soviet pavilion at World Expo. A. N. Ignatiev has visited Canada, Mexico, Ecuador, China, France, Italy and Poland. But the most memorable and expensive trip was in 1965 in Ukraine, where he was elected an honorary citizen of the city Kolomiya. Andrey traveled to places fighting native tank brigade, laid flowers on the graves of dead comrades.
Almost two decades until his retirement a. N. Ignatiev worked as deputy chief editor of the Yearbook of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, "was awarded the title of" Honored Worker of Culture of the RSFSR ". Along with the medal "Gold Star" he was awarded the Order of Lenin, World War I level and many medals.
. In moments of rest Andry with great pleasure involved in the cultivation of flowers and vegetables on the dacha, loves listening to classical music, reading memoirs, historical novels and new items of literature in English.
. Lives in Moscow.