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Zabashta Vasily Ivanovich

( Artist)

Comments for Zabashta Vasily Ivanovich
Biography Zabashta Vasily Ivanovich
photo Zabashta Vasily Ivanovich
(July 18, 1918)
Besides those already mentioned works by Basil Zabashta owned paintings: "With. Gulak-Artemovskij and M. Glinka (1951), "Tchaikovsky at H. Lysenko (1949), "Lesya Ukrainka and H. Lysenko (1969), "Away" (1975), "Revenge" (1971), "And. Franco at the stage "(1952)," P. Sagaidachnyi and Galshka Gulavechivna "(1990-2000)," T. Shevchenko and members Kirilo-Methodius Brotherhood "(1989-2000), portraits of H. Charlemagne (1969), G. Kolyada (1976), G. Tkachenko (1977),. Taranushenko (1989), T. Shevchenko (1986) and many others. Vasily Ivanovich - by a series of landscapes with views of the Crimea, Sednief, neighborhoods of Kiev.
Born July 18, 1918 in the village Babenkova Izyumske region Kharkov region of Ukraine. Father - Zabashta Ivan. Mother - Zabashta Anna. Wife - Zabashta Lyudmila (1937. born.). Children: Zabashta Galina (1956. born.) Zabashta Rostislav (1959. born.).

Rhode Zabashta - big, noble. Polhutora - it Zabashta. Basil was the youngest of eleven children. His father came from a famous Chumatski kind, which recalls the writer and anthropologist Gregory Danilevsky in his work life and customs Ukrainian Chumakov (1857).

As a child, Basil began to perceive the brightness of the color. Charcoal and chalk on the walls of the hut, tree trunks, fences. He was very fond of reading, tinkering, but the fascination with painting prevailed over all. Basil goes to the art room and in the first twelve years, wrote oil paints a portrait of his uncle. His first teachers were the artists Vladimir Yakovenko Victor Savin, who, as recognized by the Vasily Ivanovich, like stars, lightning lit up his path to the heights of art.

In 1938, VI. Zabashta arrives in Kharkiv Art College, which was his first temple of art. His instructors were to. Gripich, A. Golovashov (student in. Serov), B. Kasiyan. Even as a freshman, Basil became the winner of students' creative work. In the picture-sketch "Attempted rural correspondent" warm light candles struggled with the cold moonlight, claimed the life of the candle, the moon - death.

At the beginning of the second year of college in 1939, VI. Zabashta was drafted into the Red Army and as a radio operator sent to the war with Finland. First his battle proved to be fatal. Seriously wounded, Basil spent many months in hospitals.

He returned home in May 1941. But the Great Patriotic War and VI. Zabashta he volunteered for the front. He fought in the South-West (1941-1942), Bryansk (1943) and I Ukrainian (1944) front. However, in February 1943 he again returned to active duty. Commander of the armored vehicles fought the 7 th Guards separate motorcycle battalion, consisting of 10 Guards Tank Ural (later Ural-Lvov) Volunteer Corps 4 Panzer Army. Passed Orel-Kursk arc and all the hell of war to Berlin and Prague.
Here are some episodes of his military history. July 21, 1944 Guard Petty Officer Basil Zabashta in a group conducted reconnaissance of the enemy in the area of clay. Under heavy small-arms fire, he was among the first made his way to a German firing point and several grenades destroyed it. In the bunker, he took a staff officer with a portfolio of important documents.

. August 30, 1944 Basil Zabashta, . acting in the brain patrol near the village Sabekurov, . night he made his way to the front line of the German defense and got the most important information about the presence and number of tanks, . mortar batteries and the direction of the armored infantry from the enemy.,

. 2.5 September 1944 Vasily Ivanovich headed a group that on orders from the command shell, operated in the vicinity of the enemy in the village Batsnovitse
. When the job he threw grenades and set fire to two armored infantry from the enemy, destroyed three enemy patrol, two cut telephone lines of the enemy. After pushing the group came under machine-gun fire of the enemy. VI. Zabashta ruled the battlefield seriously wounded comrade, and with two more soldiers continued to return fire by the Nazis, covering the retreat of their group.

For valor and courage on the front, VI. Zabashta is rewarded with Glory II and III degree (1944), many medals.

. In June 1945 in the Hungarian town of Sopron, he meets the artist Horvath and first after seven years and a half months of work behind the easel.

. In August 1945, Basil gets ten-day leave home
. He grieved the death of the mother and two brothers, father's illness. During the holidays he takes two exams, in painting and composition, in the Kharkov Art Institute. At the surrender of the other - time left. Basil returned to his unit, but soon receives a notice of his admission to the second year of the picturesque faculty of the Kharkov Art Institute.
. After demobilization, wishing to witness the famous masterpieces of world art, Basil Zabashta along with his army friend of Moscow artist and war correspondent Viktor Tsigal travels through Europe to the fabulous Hellas
. However, in all major cities of Central Europe's museums were still closed, and go to Greece and did not succeed.
Having visited the viewing of works of students of the Kiev Art Institute in January 1947, VI. Zabashta decides to continue studying art in Kiev. He enters the studio Dem'yanovich Trohiminko Karp, head of the historical battle shop.

The first thematic painting VI. Zabashta Language led "(1949), written at the 4 th year - a personal tribute to the frontline experiences and impressions.

After graduating from the Kiev Art Institute in 1951, Vasily Ivanovich entered the graduate. His post-graduate work - painting "In the years of occupation" (1955) - dedicated to the underground-Poltava Lyalya Ubiyvovk. In the painting the artist solved the problem of artificial lighting for the disclosure of ideas works. Both - in fact still a student - the picture was a success with viewers, they were exhibited at the national, all-union and international exhibitions.

The theme of war, generated by its human tragedies VI. Zabashta back and in his subsequent films "Salute of Victory" (versions 1975 and 1978), "From the campaign did not return the children" (1984).

From November 1956 to April 1957 VI. Zabashta was in China in the first creative team of Soviet artists. All I saw and experienced was trying to move the canvas, paper. Group reporting exhibition "One Hundred Days in China", which was represented by a series of his paintings and graphic works, was a success in Moscow and Kiev. For Basil Zabashta opened "green street" a Soviet artist's creative career.

60-70-ies for the VI. Zabashta - time to rethink public and private life, finding himself as an artist and citizen. He seeks and finds those who could tell the real, true history of his native Ukraine twentieth century. This former prisoners of Stalin's camps biologist Nicholas Charlemagne, Gregory Kolyada bibliographer, a famous art critic Stepan Taranushenko. Genuine folk art treasures discovered and revealed to him, as for many others, a sculptor, ethnographer and collector Ivan Goncharov. All these people were heroes of his depiction.

In the 70-80-ies the artist's studio is increasingly becoming a plein air. Troubling sky with clouds - his heroic rebels. Broken churches - the tragic images of his homeland. Together with like-minded people: artists, writers, scholars VI. Zabashta lot of energy gives the protection of cultural heritage of Ukraine. He has been active in the Society for Protection of Monuments of History and Culture (1978-1990).

. Deep imprint on the work of Vasily Ivanovich left the Chernobyl tragedy, which, according to him, forced to consider not only the fate of the earth-nature, but also over the fate of the human soul
. "People, Protect the song" - so is its picture-portrait of the singer-bandore player Vasyl Lytvyn's bloc against the backdrop of a burning Chernobyl.
. More than fifty years of creative activity Vasily Ivanovich Zabashta connected with the Kiev Institute of Art - now the Ukrainian Academy of Fine Arts and Architecture
. Once he was her student, now (many years), professor of the Academy.
More than twenty years Vasily defended the idea of rebirth landscape workshop in the walls of the Kiev Art Institute. It was revived in 1993, already in the academy, and Vasily Ivanovich became its leader. Landscape painting, which connects the generations of people through his love for his native land, nature finally takes its proper place in the upbringing of young artists
Brushes VI. Zabashta owns more than 900 works. Among them thematic paintings, landscapes, still lifes, portraits. All thematic paintings are now in the collections of museums of Ukraine. Many of the portraits, landscapes, still lifes decorate the private collections of paintings in the United States, Canada, France, Italy, Korea, China.
Besides those already mentioned works by Basil Zabashta owned paintings: "With. Gulak-Artemovskij and M. Glinka (1951), "Tchaikovsky at H. Lysenko (1949), "Lesya Ukrainka and H. Lysenko (1969), "Away" (1975), "Revenge" (1971), "And. Franco at the stage "(1952)," P. Sagaidachnyi and Galshka Gulavechivna "(1990-2000)," T. Shevchenko and members Kirilo-Methodius Brotherhood "(1989-2000), portraits of H. Charlemagne (1969), G. Kolyada (1976), G. Tkachenko (1977),. Taranushenko (1989), T. Shevchenko (1986) and many others. Vasily Ivanovich - by a series of landscapes with views of the Crimea, Sednief, neighborhoods of Kiev.
VI. Zabashta - People's Artist of Ukraine (1999), Honored Artist of Ukraine (1979), a member of the Union of Artists of Ukraine since 1948, a member of the "Green suites" (1989-1994) and "Ukrainska Tongue" (1989-1995).
Since childhood VI. Zabashta liked tinkering, could bring a bicycle and even a camera. Its main passion - painting: the work in the studio and in the open air. Leisure VI. Zabashta devotes their hobbies. He prefers classical music, especially Beethoven, and Ukrainian literature. Loves poetry T.G. Shevchenko, folk songs, thoughts, as well as books on the history of Ukraine.
Lives Kiev.

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