BERGER (Berger), Peter Ludwig( The American sociologist, cultural scientist and philosopher)
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Biography BERGER (Berger), Peter Ludwig
(p. 1929) - Amer. sociologist, cultural scientist and philosopher, one of the leading representatives of the phenomenological. sociology of knowledge, prof., director of the Inst economical. Boston Culture Zap.
Field of scientific. Research - history and philosophy of religion, anthropology, the extensive scope of cultural realities, interpreted through the prism of the sociology of knowledge. In the works of 'The noise of solemn assemblies' (1961),' ambivalent vision '(1961),' Face to modernity. Essays on the Problems of the Society, politics and religion '(1977) B. conducts kulturologich. distinction between religiosity and church netradits. faith. While appreciating the phenomenon of faith in the creation of culture, B. opposed to the secularization sovr. Societies. consciousness, criticizes the concept of 'death of God' and 'post-Christian era', arguing that the secular worldview is unable to answer the fundamental questions of humane. existence.
Then place in the Cultural Studies B. was given of Sociology. knowledge of its specific character and purpose. In the book 'Introduction to sociology' (1963) B. revealed the relationship between the 'man in the on-ve' and 'on-tion in man'. Evaluating sociology as a form of consciousness, B. reveals societies, life as a drama, arguing, however gumanistich. future development of culture.
Many social problems B. treats primarily through cultural anthropology. So absurd in anthropological. sense is the idea of 'permanent revolution', whale. 'cultural revolution'. Radicalism and conservatism of sociology can be likened, therefore, the position of man-ing to think boldly, but acts cautiously, aware of its freedom and its limits.
According to BA, the predecessor of the sociology of knowledge was historicist in its dilteevskom version. Hence, attention B. paid reification of social reality, ie. conception of social phenomena as 'things'; developed phenomenologist. version of the sociology of knowledge (Joint. with T. Lukmanov).
Criticizing tradition. scientists engaged in the analysis of only one theory. knowledge, he drew the attention of researchers at the mundane, doteoreticheskoe knowledge. Interpretive sociology B. insists on respect for the ideals and beliefs of people like some kind of socio-cultural reality. B. means paying attention as a method of understanding the comprehension of cultural phenomena and interpretation of decomp. meanings that are meaningful in their daily lives.
B. made as a social thinker who has studied the causes of cultural mutations in-ve. The writings of 'consciousness out of the hearth' (1973), 'Pyramids of the victims' (1975),' Face to modernity '(1977),' capitalist. Revolution '(1986),' The East Asian Perspective ', he examines the relationship between society and cultural factors in the overall dynamics of history, compares the social and cultural cycles, reveals the mechanisms of modernization, ie. transfiguration of the Society for zap. standard. The spectrum of cultural studies, the interests of B. very wide.