Wilhelm Wundt( German psychologist, physiologist, philosopher and linguist)
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Biography Wilhelm Wundt
(1832 - 1920) - German psychologist, physiologist, philosopher and linguist. Put forward a plan for the development of physiological psychology as a special science, using the method of laboratory experiment for the dismemberment of consciousness on the elements and to ascertain the regular connection between them ( 'Foundations of Physiological Psychology', 1880-1881). Established in. in 1879. The world's first psychological laboratory became an international center of experimental psychology, it studied the experience, the reaction time to various stimuli, association, attention, elementary feelings of man. The subject of psychology in. considered direct experience - available introspection phenomena or facts of consciousness ( 'Introduction to psychology', 1912). According to V., the higher mental processes (speech, thought, will) not available to experiment, and therefore they must examine the cultural-historical method. V. shared the idea of psychophysical parallelism. In the field of consciousness, he thought, acting special mental causation, and human behavior is determined by apperception (perception, challenging the will). Experience of psychological interpretation of myth, religion, Art Society and other cultural phenomena in. taken in the 'peoples' psychology' (1900-1920).