Kafka, Gustav( Austrian philosopher and psychologist)
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Biography Kafka, Gustav
Kafka (Kafka) Gustav (23.7.1883, Vienna - 12.2.1953, Veytshohgeym near Wц╪rzburg) - Austrian philosopher and psychologist. He spent his childhood in g. Brunn, now Bono, in a family foster parents, after years of service svobodnoopredelyayuschimsya began in 1902. to study the first law (1 semester), then philosophy and psychology at the University of Vienna, he studied with G.E. Muller and E. Husserl at the University of Gц╤ttingen, the T. Lipps in Munich, in a. Wundt in Leipzig, under his leadership had prepared his doctoral dissertation ( 'Uber das Ansteigen der Tonerregung', 1906).
Then worked as an assistant to T. Lipps, y E. Becher, under his leadership has prepared a thesis for the replacement of assistant professor on the 'I' ( 'Versuch einer kritischen Darstellung der neueren Anschauungen uber das Ich-problem'), with 1910. he - Assistant Professor of Philosophy, from 1915. - Full Professor.
As a reserve officer was called to the Austrian military service (1914-1918), together with his friend Mr.. п═п╣п╡п╣я┬п╬п╪ (Revesz) organized psycho-service for the Austrian army.
In 1919, Mr.. Kafka returned to teaching at the University of Munich (Department of Applied Psychology), with 1923. he - an ordinary professor of philosophy and pedagogy Dresden Higher Technical School (as successor to. Buhler), here worked with in. Blumenfeld and F. Lershem. Gave guest lectures at the University of J. Hopkins in Baltimore, USA.
From 1929. by 1933. Kafka - a board member of the German Society of Psychologists in 1933. because of their socio-political sympathies (Kafka was well-known Catholic activist), resigned and was engaged in private tuition in Dresden, then, until the end of the war - in exile. In 1947, Mr.. took the chair of philosophy and psychology at the University of Wц╪rzburg (as successor to O. Kyulpe and K. Marla), with 1950 g. by 1951. He - the dean of the faculty in 1952. resigned.
Member of the German Zoological Society, the Society of Experimental Psychology, Kantian society. Chairman of the German Society of Psychology (1948). Editor 36 volume history of philosophy and psychology ( 'Geschichte der Philosophie in Einzeldarstellungen', 1921-1933).
. Along with the philosophy involved in a wide range of psychological issues (animal behavior, psychology, expressive reactions, language, communication, arts, professional development, life age, legal psychology, parapsychology)
. Gave typology of basic emotions.