Mishott Albert Edward, Baron van den Berk( Belgian psychologist)
Comments for Mishott Albert Edward, Baron van den Berk
Biography Mishott Albert Edward, Baron van den Berk
(13.10.1881, Brussels - 1965) - Belgian psychologist. After completing his philosophical education at the Catholic University, Mr.. Louvain (Ph.D., 1900) began teaching, first at the Institute of Higher Philosophy (1905), then at the university, Mr.. Leuven as curator of the course, Associate Professor, since 1908, Mr.. by 1912. he - an ordinary professor and head of the psychological laboratory. In 1906, Mr.. Mishott conducted scientific training in the psychological laboratory in Leipzig, in 1907-1908 i.i. - Wц╪rzburg at About. Kyulpe, whom he met during the Congress of Experimental Psychology, held in Wurzburg, and who exerted great influence, in particular, that referred to the works of F. Brentano, E. Mach, A. Meynonga, E. Husserl, X. Erenfelsa and K. Stumpf.
In 1923, Mr.. Mishott founded in Leuven University College of pedagogy and psychology ( 'Ecole de Pedagogie et de Psychologie appliquec a l'Education'), which in 1944. received the status of the Institute. Master P. Fraisse. President 15 of the International Psychological Congress (1957) and the International Union of Scientific Psychology (to 1960), p. 1912. - Editor 'Etudes de Psychologie' and 1928. - Co-editor of 'Journal of General Psychology'
. In the first period of scientific work involved the analysis of research methodologies, . primarily developed within the Wurzburg school, . such as systematic introspection, . aimed at studying the higher mental processes (thinking, . will, . determining tendency, . logical memory, . formation of concepts),
. Then came the rejection of this approach, accompanied by criticism of the method of systematic introspection and Mishott switched to behavioral methodological orientations. During this period, he raises a number of new questions about the perception and implementing innovative experimental studies of visual, including strobe, tactile, kinesthetic perception, psychological rhythm, motor learning.
Of particular prominence brought him to experiments conducted since 1940. to 1965, to study the perception of causality and conservation of the object ( 'tunnel effect'). In their studies found Mishott, . the impression, . if object A causes the movement of the object B, . occurs only under certain conditions: when there is continuity in time, . direction, . velocity ( 'La causalite physique estelle une donnee phenomenaleN', . 'Tijdschrift voor Philosophie', . 1941, . N 3; 'La perception de la causalite', . Louvaine, . 1946, . in rus.per.: 'The perception of causality', . in the book.: 'Reader on sensation and perception', . M., . 1975; 'Causalite, . permanence et realite phenomenales', . Louvaine, . 1946),
Investigations also revealed the conservation of the object that the condition for such conservation is, for example, the gradual disappearance of parts of the object ( 'Reception and cognition', 'Acta Psychologica', 1955, N 11, p. 69-91). But the most important conclusion that was made Mishott on the results of these experiments was that vopriyatie causality and conservation is the same touch-fact, as the perception of colors or sounds of space or time.
Mishott emphasized the importance for mental development is also tactile-kinesthetic perception of causality, although experimental studies of this process, he did not hold.