Bugle (Bougie) Celestin( The representative of the school of Durkheim, prof. University of Toulouse and Paris-ing)
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Biography Bugle (Bougie) Celestin
(1870, Saint-Brieuc - 25/01/1940, Paris) - representative of the school of Durkheim, Professor. University of Toulouse and Paris-ing, Director (since 1935) Ecole Normale SupцLrieure in Paris. As a general supporter of the views of Durkheim, he renounced his antipsihologizma and at the same time continued dyurkgey-movskuyu tradition of criticism biologism in sociology: social Darwinism, organicism and racial-anthropological school. B. been influenced by Simmel, followed by Eye-considered subject of sociology studies 'of social forms, their causes and consequences'. Principles of Sociology. formalism, he attempted to implement the works 'Dock ideas' (1899) and 'Studies of caste-mode' (1908). zap. on-ve and the hierarchical structure of the Indian caste system. Dissemination of ideas of equality B. explained by factors such as increased population density zap. on-in, increased geographic mobility of population, complexity and centralization of social systems. In his book on caste, which has had a mean effect on the subsequent development of research in this field, B. emphasis on the caste system as a whole, the cardinal principles governing caste relations. According to BA, the caste system has three distinctive characteristics: hierarchy, opposition and hereditary specialization in the constituent groups. Taking an active part in political life, B. criticized the evils of capitalism, advocated the democratization of culture, increasing access to education for the masses, providing voting rights to women. In general, politically he was a liberal, a supporter of moderate statism and social reforms based on scientific advice.
Vol.: 1) Social Science in Germany today. K-X '1899.2) Egalitarianism (The idea of equality). O., 1904.