FURASTE (Fourastie) Jean( French sociologist, economist)
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Biography FURASTE (Fourastie) Jean
(15.04.1907, Saint-Bц╤nen d'Azy) - French. sociologist, economist, one of the founders of the theory of industrial islands, with a swarm-he made shortly after the Second World War [I]. Developing the ideas of technological determinism, F. produces a dichotomy of history on the pre-industrial (congestive) and industrial (dynamic) era. A similar division he spends in the field of culture: (1) affective, doratsionalny type of thinking (Levy-Bruhl attributed only to the primitive on-woo) F. attributed to the entire humanitarian tradition, . considering it the cradle of the left-wing radicalism (later the subject will develop Bell in 'cultural contradictions of capitalism'), (2) a constructive way of thinking and solving their problems of civilization receives only in the industrial age and embodies it in the STR, . to-Rui F,
. contrasts the social revolution. Pondering the contradictions of industrial civilization, F. first in the West formulated the concept of post-industrial-wah, a-Roe sees it as a 'civilization of services' . The latter has the features 'strikingly similar to the traditional pre-industrial society': in the professional sphere - Manual and Semi-manual labor, in vneprofessionaln.oy - suburban lifestyle, in the intellectual-rehabilitation rel. or even mystical experience as an alternative to the cold impersonality 'scientific knowledge. In the 'Civilization services' F. anticipated the concept of 'zero growth', subsequently put forward the Club of Rome. Unstable lifestyle - with a lot of 'secondary' economies (where the majority of the population employed in industry). As the transition to a 'tertiary' service economy intensive growth ceases, the levels of various. aligned countries, the world is regaining stability. In the intellectual biography of F. two periods: 'technocentric' (apologetic) and 'kulturotsentrichny' (critical).