ROKOSSOWSKI Konstantin( Soviet military leader, Marshal of the Soviet Union (1944).)
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Biography ROKOSSOWSKI Konstantin
(1896-1968), Soviet voenachalnikRodilsya 9 (21) December 1896 in g. Great Luke Pskov province in the family of a railway engine driver. Education has received advanced training commanders of cavalry (1925) and courses to improve officers' quarters at the Frunze Military Academy (1929).
In 1914 he was called in the cavalry, junior non-commissioned officer. He fought in the 5 th Dragoon Regiment Kargopol'skogo. In December 1917, joined the Red Guard in 1919 - in the RCP (B.). During the Civil War, commanded a squadron, battalion, cavalry regiment. He fought in Siberia and the Far East, Manchuria, took part in battles on the Chinese Eastern Railway. In 1926-1928 Instructor of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Army. In 1929 commanded a regiment, 5-th individual Kuban Cavalry Brigade, since January 1930 - 7 th Samara Cavalry Division (one of the commanders of the brigade which was Zhukov). In 1936 he was appointed commander of the 5 th Cavalry Corps.
During the mass arrests senior commanders of the Red Army on Rokossovskogo testified some of the military, who provided his party's military plot. Arrested. During the investigation was subjected to mental torture and beatings, he was twice out to be shot and gave a blank volley. In March 1940 was released (on presentation of the USSR People's Commissar of Defense S. Timoshenko) and after treatment in November 1940 was appointed commander of the 9 th Mechanized Corps, commanded until July 11, 1941
. During the Great Patriotic War from August 1941 commanded the 16 th Army on the Western Front, . July 1942 - Bryansk, . September - Don, . February 1943 - Central, . October - Byelorussian, . February 1944 - 1-Byelorussian, . November 1944 to June 1945 - 2 First Byelorussian Front,
. Troops under the command of Rokossovskogo participated in the Battle of Smolensk, the Battle of Moscow, in Stalingrad and Kursk battles, in Belarusian, East Prussia, the East Pomeranian, Berlin operations. The Volokolamsk direction of Moscow tank attack enemy Rokossovsky contrasted deep anti-defense, . high activity and maneuver, . and during the counter-offensive to the success in the Army created two mobile teams, . combined frontal bypass and coverage,
. In the battle of Stalingrad, the Don Front, commanded by Rokossovskogo during a counterattack with the troops of the Southwestern and Stalingrad Fronts broke through the defense and was surrounded in the area between the Volga and Don enemy group numbering 330 thousand people, . which is then successfully eliminated,
In the Battle of Kursk, commanding the troops of the Central Front, demonstrated the art of war in repelling the German advance, and then during the rout of Orel enemy during the counterattack. Organization and conduct artillery counter in the Battle of Kursk, . originality in Operation 'Bagration' (1944), . pruning and destruction of large enemy forces in 1945 in East Prussia, . East Pomeranian and Berlin operations - examples of generalship Rokossovskogo,
. Successful military operations led their troops earned him the reputation of an outstanding military leader, not only in our country, but in the world. Many military historians call Rokossovskogo most talented Soviet military commander. No coincidence that 24 June 1945 he commanded the Victory Parade in Moscow.
In 1945-1949 Commander of Northern Group of Forces. In October 1949 Stalin at the request of the President of the Polish republic B. Bierut sent Rokossovskogo in Poland, . where he was appointed Minister of National Defense, . Deputy Prime Minister and member of the Politburo of the Polish United Workers' Party,
. During that time, until Rokossovsky led the armed forces of Poland, the public security organs with his connivance carried out mass arrests of officers, one way or another connected with the Army of Craiova. After Stalin's death and began to ease tight controls on the 'fraternal parties' in 1956 was withdrawn from Poland as a discredited role in the repression, and in November was appointed chief inspector - Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR. In October 1957, despite the fact that delivered a diatribe at the plenum of the CPSU Central Committee on the removal of Zhukov from the leadership of the armed forces, was dismissed from all his posts and transferred to the Transcaucasus Military District to command. However, in January the following year returned to his former post of Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR and the Chief Inspector. Since 1961 a candidate member of the CPSU Central Committee. In April 1962, transferred to the Group of Inspectors General of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR.
Died Rokossovsky in Moscow on August 3, 1968. He was buried in Moscow at the Kremlin wall.