Bestuzhev-Ryumin Alexei Petrovich( The statesman, diplomat, Count (1724).)
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Biography Bestuzhev-Ryumin Alexei Petrovich
(1693-1766) - statesman, diplomat, Count (1724). Under Peter I was educated abroad and served in the Russian Embassy in Holland, Hanover, England, Kurland, Denmark, Hamburg. In 1740, Mr.. - Cabinet Minister. For support Viron was sentenced in Anne Leopoldovna to death, commuted to exile. Support for the coup in favor of Elizabeth, and soon became vice-chancellor and Senator. From 1744, Mr.. - Chancellor, Mr. Al 1756. - Member of the established on his initiative of the Conference of the Imperial Court. As the director of foreign policy was guided by the union with England, Holland, Austria and Saxony against France, Prussia, and Turkey. During the Seven Years' War changed the foreign policy situation led to the downfall of Chancellor (1758), accused of many sins, and again sentenced to death. Decision Elizabeth penalty was replaced by a reference in one of the estates. Since coming to power of Catherine II was acquitted and in 1763, Mr.. promoted to Field Marshals. He became one of the closest advisers of the Empress, but the active role is not played.