Bechterew Natalia Petrovna( Scientific Advisor of the Institute of Human Brain RAS, Head of research group neurophysiology thinking, creativity and consciousness, MD, professor, academician of the Academy of Sciences of Russia)
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Biography Bechterew Natalia Petrovna
Bechterew Natalia Petrovna - scientific director of the Institute of Human Brain RAS, . Head of research group of Neurophysiology thinking, . creativity and consciousness, . Doctor of Medical Sciences, . Professor, . Academician of the Academy of Sciences of Russia and the Russia Academy of Medical Sciences, . Winner of the USSR State Prize, . foreign member of the Austrian and Finnish Academy of Sciences, . American Academy of Medicine and Psychiatry, . and the International Academy of Ecology, . safety of man and nature,
. She - Honorary Member of the Hungarian Society of electrophysiological, Honorary Member of the Czechoslovak neurophysiological and neurosurgical societies of. Purkinje, Honorary Research Consultant of the Board of American Biographical Institute, an honorary member of the Advisory Board of outstanding women - in science and culture of the Board of American Biographical Institute,. For services in the field of physiology of the human brain Academician NP. Bechterew has international scientific awards: Medal. Mc Kalloha (USA), . Medal of Hans Berger (GDR), . Medal of the Bulgarian Union of Scientific Workers, . Medal of Honor "of 2000 years" (American Biographical Institute), . a high contribution to the development of psychophysiology and neuroscience of the International Organization of Psychophysiology she was awarded the "Century Award"; Medal for Merit in the field of ecology "(International Academy of Ecology, . safety of man and nature, . ),
. The name "Bechterew" given the small planet N6074 Solar System (International Astronomical Union). In 1998. awarded the gold medal of. VM. Bechterew Russia Academy of Sciences, in 1999 - insignia of the Supreme Public recognition, . Honor and dignity "potent Russia" (Russia Intellectual initiative of science, . Arts, . Cultural Heritage Sovereign Russia), . in 2000 - that the premium they,
. п?.п?. Pavlova, established by the Government of St. Petersburg and St. Petersburg Scientific Center RAS.
Has the government awards: the Order of Lenin, the Order of Labor Red Banner, Order of Honor, the Order of Friendship of Peoples, the Order of Merit to the Fatherland "4 degrees, medals.
NP. Bechterew was born in Leningrad, July 7, 1924, Mr.. In 1947, Mr.. 1 graduated from the Leningrad Medical Institute. Acad. п?.п?. Pavlova. In 1950, Mr.. completed her graduate studies at the Institute of Physiology of the central nervous system of the USSR AMS. From 1950 to 1954. - Associate Fellow of the Institute of Experimental Medicine, Academy of Medical Sciences. In 1951, Mr.. awarded the scientific degree of candidate of biological sciences, in 1959. - Scientific degree of Doctor of Medical Sciences. From 1954 to 1962. - Senior Researcher, Laboratory Head, deputy director of the Leningrad Neurosurgical Research Institute. Professor. AL. Polenova. From 1962 to 1990. - Head of Department, Deputy Director for Science, i.o. Director, Director of the Research Institute of Experimental Medicine, Academy of Medical Sciences. Since 1990. present time - scientific director of the Institute of Human Brain RAS, Head of research group neurophysiology thinking, creativity and consciousness.
Academician NP. Bechterew - the leading scientist who laid the foundations of fundamental research and created a unique scientific school in the physiology of healthy and sick human brain. With the wide use of opportunities in neurophysiology Physics, . Mathematics, . neuroscience has established a comprehensive method of studying the principles of structural and functional organization of the human brain, . developed a methodology to study brain mechanisms of thought, . Memory, . emotions, . Creativity,
. Got full confirmation of the theory of NP. Bekhtereva of brain organization of thinking of human activity system of rigid and flexible links. As the opening of registered properties of neurons of the subcortical formations of the human brain respond to the semantic content of speech and to participate as parts of systems of intellectual activity. For basic research in the physiology of healthy and sick human brain NP. Bekhtereva with the staff in 1985 was awarded the USSR State Prize in Science. Under her leadership, also established a new branch of neurology and neurosurgery - stereotactic neuroscience to the development of new technologies of computer Stereotactic surgery.
Formulated and developed NP. Bekhtereva sustainable theory of pathological brain state as the basis for the adaptability of many chronic diseases of the nervous system, has opened up entirely new opportunities in the treatment of these diseases. Developed and used in the practice of methods of point electrical stimulation of subcortical and cortical areas of the brain, . spinal, . visual and auditory nerves, . as an exceptionally gentle treatment method for difficult-to-correction of chronic diseases of the central nervous system,
She has researched and formulated the principles of reliability of the brain and open brain mechanism optimization of intellectual activity - detection of errors (1968 and others). Foreign study of this question relate to 1993.
In recent years, Academician NP. Bekhtereva proposed a fundamentally new approach to the knowledge of the principles and mechanisms of life of healthy and sick human brain by combining years of experience of complex neurophysiological studies using positron emission tomography (PET),
. Implementation of this approach ensured the establishment in 1990, the Center "Brain" and the Institute of Human Brain RAS on the basis of previously organized by NP. Bekhtereva Neurophysiology Rights (1962) and clinical functional neurosurgery and neurology (1980). Now under the leadership of NP. Bekhtereva most intensively studied brain hierarchical organization of emotions and other higher functions. Initiation and intensively study of brain organization of creative processes. As a result of PET studies has been allocated a set of brain structures, which can be viewed as a system, or part of the system involved in providing solutions to creative problems, built on the verbal material. Showing the structure of the right hemisphere associated with the implementation of a complex form of creative activity as compared with more simple. Proved and studied the phenomenon of alternative vision (vision).
Academician NP. Bechterew by more than 360 scientific papers (of which more than 130 published in international periodicals), including 14 monographs (4 of which were republished abroad), many chapters in national and international guidelines on the physiology. Headed by Academician NP. Bekhtereva scientific school has a large number of scientists and doctors working in different cities of the CIS and abroad. NP. Bechterew great organizer. Lecture activity of Academician NP. Bekhtereva conducted in many countries, . She participated as a lecturer and speaker at congresses, . symposia, . meetings in Australia, . Austria, . England, . Bulgaria, . Hungary, . Germany, . Italy, . Spain, . India, . Canada, . China, . Netherlands, . Norway, . United States, . France, . Finland, . Sweden, . Japan,
NP. Bechterew was vice-president of the International Union of Physiological Sciences (1974-1980), vice-president of the International Organization of Psychophysiology (1982-1994), chief editor of the International journal "Psychophysiology" (1984-1994), and from 1975 to 1987,
. was the chief editor of the journal "Human Physiology" RAS.