Jomo Kenyatta (Jomo Kenyatta)( politician and statesman of Kenya)
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Biography Jomo Kenyatta (Jomo Kenyatta)
1891 - 1978 by ethnic Kikuyu. He graduated from a missionary school. After the adoption of Christianity in 1914 Ngengi Kamau was named Johnstone Kamau, who later changed to the Jomo Kenyatta (Kenyan-ta "- wide belt).
In the 20-ies. worked as a translator in the Supreme Court of Kenya and employees in the municipality of Nairobi. In the mid 20's i.i. involved in political activities. In 1928, became general secretary of the Kikuyu Central Association (CAC), the first publisher of the monthly political magazine in the language of the Kikuyu "Muig-Vitanov".
Since 1929, the representative of the CAC in Europe. Took part in the League Against Imperialism and the International Conference of Negro Workers in Hamburg (1930). In 1934-46 i.i. continuously lived in the UK. He graduated from college in g. Vudbruk. In the 2 nd floor. 30-ies. studied at the London School of Economics and Political Science Seminar Social Anthropology B. Malinowski. In 1938 published a book in English "Face to Mount Kenya. Kikuyu tribal life ".
During the 2-nd World War - an agricultural worker at a British farm. Actively participated in the organization and the 5 th Pan African Congress (1945) in Manchester. In 1946 he returned to Kenya.
Since 1947, before. Kenya African Union (SAK). In October 1952 the colonial authorities and was arrested in 1953 along with five other leaders of the SAC has been sentenced to seven years imprisonment on charges of organizing and directing the movement of May May. In March 1960, was elected president in absentia Kenya African National Union (KANU). In August 1961 was released from prison. In October 1961, officially became president of KANU and retained that post until his death. Together with T. Mboya played a leading role in the development of ideological doctrine KANU - African democratic socialism "and the policy of the party.
In April 1962 - May 1963, Minister of Constitutional Affairs and Economic Planning in the "coalition government" of Kenya, formed of representatives of KANU, the Kenya African Democratic Union and the European settlers.
After the victory of KANU in the first general elections in Kenya in May 1963 formed a government of self-government (June-Dec. 1963), which took over as Prime Minister. In December. 1963 - December. 1964 Prime Minister of the Government of independent Kenya. After the proclamation of the Republic of Kenya in December 1964 became president of the country and, in accordance with the constitution, the head of state and government. Retained this position after the general elections 1969 and 1974 GG
Nast. name Ngengi Kamau