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Arnold Yury Karlovich

( composer and music theorist)

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Biography Arnold Yury Karlovich
photo Arnold Yury Karlovich
(1811 - 98). He studied at the University of Dorpat, in the Faculty of Philology; course not finished. In the music began to work with children's age, taking lessons (piano) at the AI. Cherlitskogo, a pupil of John Filda. Students performed publicly Hummel's Piano Concerto and the party baritone in Haydn's oratorio "Die Schopfung". In 1831 he entered the Starodubye Cuirassier regiment to participate in the pacification of the Polish revolt. On the resignation of a. studied harmony at the Leopold Fuchs. Counterpoint studied at O.K. Gunk. In 1835 he appeared in print first composition A. - Romance "Evening Bells" (Kozlov). In 1836, he wrote the opera "Gypsy" libretto by Alexander Mundt. In 1836 met MI. Glinka and gave his first concert (excerpts from the opera "Gypsy"). In 1839 the competition was made by the St. Petersburg Philharmonic Society with the ballad "Svetlana" (text Zhukovsky). In 1842 were published in St. Petersburg 40 of his songs. In the same year a. met with visiting St. Petersburg F. Liszt, in defense of which later appeared in print. During 1842 - 60 years A. written (in his own German libretto) three-act opera "Nydia" or "Last Days of Pompeii". This opera was performed at different times in Russia and in Germany, but only in parts, and remained in manuscript. In 1852 he staged in St. Petersburg operetta A. "Der Invalid", and the next year - the operetta "Treasure" or "For God, prayer, the king's office - do not disappear, and thereafter a. wrote to her another text, and changed the name to "Night of Ivan Kupala". In 1860 A. wrote the overture to "Boris Godunov" by Pushkin, it had an imitation Glinka. It was performed abroad, and in 1897, by author, in one of the Russian Musical Society. In the Russian style written "Russian ballad" and "How all some people" (words Mey). In the field of church music A. wrote the "The liturgy of St.. John Chrysostom "(Annex to the magazine" Music and Singing "). Most of the musical works of A. remained not published. As a composer, a. did not reveal a bright personality and was heavily influenced by the German classics, on the one hand, and Glinka - the other. His literary works: drama "Kunstlerleben" (1852), set in St. Petersburg. in 1854, tragedy "Andreas Brunau" (1855), marching with success in KцTnigsberg and in St. Petersburg in 1857, the poem "August". A. collaborated in many Russian and German editions of it as a theater critic ( "Mus. Theatrical Messenger, 1850), then as a writer on music (in the Moscow Gazette). In Leipzig the journal "Neue Zeitschrift fur Musik" (1863, N 8 - 15) A. an article: "Die Entwickelung der russischen National-Oper", which for the first time in the German press said about the importance Dargomyzhsky. In 1867 - 1868 years he edited the "Zeitschrift fur Theater und Musik". In 1868 - 70 years in the music institute Jan Guvy, in Graz, he taught musical aesthetics and theory of forms. In Moscow, he opened a public music classes, who had success, and existed for over 10 years. Here, he taught singing, music theory and history. As a theorist, a. known research on the Russian church singing. Collecting and studying material since 1842, which deliberately went to Kiev and to the Volga, he published several works: "Die alten Kirchen modi historisch und akustisch entwickelt" (Leipzig, 1878), "Theory of the Old Russian church and folk song" , No.. I; "Theory of the Orthodox church music" (Moscow, 1880). The main thesis of this study - that between our church and the singing of ancient Greek music is inextricably linked - he defended, among others, at a discussion organized by the Society in the Rumyantsev Museum of Old Russian art lovers. His other works: "Harmonization of ancient church music" (M., . 1886), "Application drevneellinskoy and Byzantine music theory to a sign and stolpovomu singing", . "The general set of rules harmonization znamenny chant", . "Harmonic early church voices", . "On the principle of harmonization of the church reads", . "Die Lehre von der Tonkunst auf Grund physiologischen, . asthetischen und psychologischen Gesetze ", . I am, . "Harmonik", . t,
. I; "Die Grundharmonien" (Graz, 1869, in Russian), "The science of music on the basis of aesthetic and physiological laws", t. I, "Harmony", was released only No.. I (Moscow, 1875); t. II: "Die Elemente der polyphonen Bewegung" (Moscow, 1871); t. III: "Die Discordanzen" (Moscow, 1872); "Die absolute Tonlehre und die Klangzeichen der alten Griechen" (1874 - 1879). More than once a. acted as a lecturer, in Russia and abroad, on the history of music and acoustics. In Leipzig, he, among other things, read (1883) lecture on the principles of the ancient orthodox church music ". At Moscow University, taught a course on the history of music, received the title of a privat-docent. Opening his lecture: "The original data for the revival of Russian national music school" in the significantly expanded version of, . published under the title: "Can a musical art establishment of the characteristic self-Russian national school, and on what data should be based per se" ( "Bayan", . 1888 - 89),
. Many engaged in a. and the question of the teaching of singing, . wrote an article: "The reasons for the lack of good singers in Russia and singers" ( "Music World", . 1883, . N 8 and 9) and in the last years of his life by publishing "The theory of production rates (not complete), . which upheld the method of Old Italic school,
. In 1892 - 93 years published his "Memoirs", covering the period from 1815 to 1875 years and relevance to the history of life and music in Russia. He worked on the implementation of the idea of "amplifikatora", would be sure to improve the sonority of the piano and to achieve greater accuracy and evenness of tone in its structure. Manufacturer Schroeder built on his instructions, a tool, but the death of a. his idea was not practical implementation. Gregory Timofeev.

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Arnold Yury Karlovich, photo, biography
Arnold Yury Karlovich, photo, biography Arnold Yury Karlovich  composer and music theorist, photo, biography
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