Michael Aschenbrenner Yul'evich( 'shlisselburzhets', one of the most important figures of the "military-revolutionary organizations of the Party of the People's Will')
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Biography Michael Aschenbrenner Yul'evich
After graduating from the course in 1880 in the Moscow Cadet Corps, and. military service, mainly in Turkestan, where he earned several military decorations and left a very good memory. In the seventies, A. was transferred to the south of Russia and by the time of the party "People's Will" command, with the rank of lieutenant colonel, Infantry Battalion of Lublin in Nikolaev. In the kinds of support to the revolutionary movement, A. formed a circle of officers of his battalion, who soon joined the organized in Nikolaev circle sailors, and then with a group of officers who served in Odessa. The activity of the Narodnaya Volya organization of the fleet, Lieutenant Butsevich, united these circles with the military circles of St. Petersburg, and A. was invited to come to St. Petersburg to join the membership of the central military-revolutionary group. He went to St. Petersburg, . actively engaged in the affairs of the central group there, . taken a detour of many cities to engage in relations with the local military circles, . choose among them correspondents for the anticipated military-revolutionary authority and to prepare a unit of the Congress adopted the party program "People's Will" officers,
. Because betrayal Degayev (see), during this trip a. was arrested in Smolensk. Indications A. submitted in original at the reading of the Emperor Alexander III. In September 1884 A. was tried in the so-called "process 14" and, together with 7 other people - two women (VN. Figner and LA,. Vol'kenshtein) and 5-S officers (Pokhitonov, Rogachev, Baron Stromberg, Tikhanovich and Yuvachev) sentenced to death by hanging. Rogachev, and Stromberg have been executed, while others, including AA, indefinite sentence was commuted to hard labor, and they were placed in Schlusselburg fortress, whence. came into force only granted after the events of October 1905 amnesty. He currently lives in Smolensk. A. placed in the "Past" extremely interesting memories of Shlisselburgskaya fortress and the military-revolutionary organization of which he was. His name frequently occurs in the memoirs of activists of the liberation movement, published in the magazine "Past" (1906 - 1907) and "last years" (1908). - See. "Gallery Shlisselburgsky prisoners", published in 1908. Articles and Notes A. published in various provincial newspapers.