Bakmeyster Login Ivanovich (Ludwig)( first Russian bibliographer)
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Biography Bakmeyster Login Ivanovich (Ludwig)
(1730 - 1806), a native of Mecklenburg Duchy Ratseburg. He studied law, but not finishing the course, became a tutor. In 1760 took place a tutor in Livonia, and in 1762, with the help of historian Schlozer, moved to Petersburg, where he was an educator of children arhiyatera Kondoidi and together they traveled to Stockholm. In 1766 and 1778 was an inspector of academic high school, then moved to the revenue office. He made periodical: "Russische Bibliothek zur Kenntniss des gegenwartigen Zustandes der Literatur in Russland" (11 tons, . Petersburg., . Leipzig Riga, . 1772 - 87; in the 11 th volume index to the entire publication), . which gave an overview of books published in Russia, . a detailed description of their, . extraction of, . criticism and an indication of prices,
. It also placed the news on the travel of scientists, academics and university news, obituaries, and contents of various anthologies and magazines and t. n. Its publication undertaken by them without a third-party support and encouragement, B. was forced to stop because I did not find a sufficient number of subscribers and, moreover, could not get all the books published in Russia. This edition contains a wealth of material for the bibliography of the XVIII century, but now it is a great rarity. B. translated into German history of the Lomonosov Moscow State University ( "Alte russische Geschichte bis auf den Tod des Grossf. Jaroslaw's I ", Riga and Leipzig, 1768), the diary of Peter the Great, ed. Shcherbatov ( "Beitrage zur Geschichte Peter des Grossen" (Riga, 1774 - 1784) and others. Compiled "Topographical news, . employees for the full geographical description of Imperial Russia (St. Petersburg, . 1771 - 74) - set at the academy received answers to questions, . sent it to provincial authorities on geographical conditions within their localities,
. Based on these same responses and other sources of B. was a short geography textbook (Revel, 1773), which was translated into Russian and served for Learning Academic Youth "rodinovedeniyu. Being engaged in comparative linguistics, B. Pallas helped in the implementation of the thought of Catherine II the glossary of all the languages and dialects. His pamphlet: "Idea et desiderata de colligendis linguarum speciminibus" (St. Petersburg, 1773) is an invitation to tell him translations into different languages according to the enclosed sample.