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Peter Bilyarsky Spiridonovich

( philologist)

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Biography Peter Bilyarsky Spiridonovich
(1817 - 1867), son of a priest of the Kazan province. Studied at the Kazan Theological Seminary and the Moscow Theological Academy, often set off from Sergiev Posad in the Moscow and listened to the University Pogodin and Golubinsky. Appointed lecturer at the Permian Theological Seminary, he refused to go into the wilderness and out of the clergy. Deep poverty, sometimes hungry, giving lessons in private homes and boarding Pogodin. In 1840, Mr.. began one of his most important works - the language of Manasseh Chronicle. I.I. Vvedensky delude his comfort Petersburg life, and soon he moved from Moscow to St. Petersburg. In 1844, Mr.. he obtained a position of office clerk at the Academy of Sciences, for a fixed salary had written a scientific value reviews of new books in the Journal of the Ministry of National Education "; consisted Recorders general meeting of the Senate. All this was not provided him materially. In 1847, Mr.. published the above-mentioned work, and a year later published a study on the Gospel of St. Cyril of Reims. Both work brought him fame and so far, according to the academician VM. Istrin not lost their significance. VI. Grigorovich wrote that Bilyarsky like Vostokova, from a long time and become self-educators will be an exemplary mentor in philological criticism and analysis. On withdrawal ax. Vostokova Academy Bilyarskomu awarded for his research Demidov Prize. AA. Kotlyarevsky highly valued Bilyarskogo methodological techniques and found that the rigor and accuracy of his historical method makes the study of his exemplary. In 1860, Mr.. Bilyarsky elected an associate academy, in 1862. - Extraordinary academician and editor of "Notes" in the department of Russian Language and Literature. Apart from the studies and reviews published Bilyarsky (1859) translated the works in. Humboldt Foundation under the title: "On the difference between organisms of human language and the impact of this difference on the mental development of the human race"; collected and processed materials for the biography M.V. University (published in 1865. Academy), and conceived a critical edition of his works. Last intention was not implemented due to opposition to his plans of academics, with I.I. Sreznevsky headed. With the last Bilyarsky came into conflict even with the release of a study on the Reims Gospel, . a short time, his immediate academic work has been largely preoccupied, . in the ranks of the so-called "German Party", . mainly, . with Sreznevsky (although it is recommended that the last elected office Bilyarskogo Adjunct),
. Of the individual episodes of academic struggle Bilyarskogo interested in his opposition to the election of MN. Katkov's membership in the Academy (1863). He wrote YA.K. Groth: "Proposal Katkov, I believe a disaster for the separation. I respect Katkov and his philological book, . and for his scholarship, . and for his literary career, but after all these advantages, we know not the day before: why do we not elect him before, . namely only, . when he rebelled against GertsenaN the real reason the election can not be hidden from the public, . and this election will cause a lot of trouble ",
. Since 1855, Mr.. Bilyarsky began to take a very close interest in the management of military educational institutions, . cared about the renewal of teaching them Russian language and literature, . on the improvement of teaching staff, . teachers to organize meetings for joint discussion of scientific and academic affairs, . insisted on the creation of pedagogical journal,
. Generally in this area Bilyarsky left on their own best memories and brought a lot of good. - Permanent material shortage, prevent proper course of scientific studies Bilyarskogo, strongly acted on his nerves, and the totality of the circumstances of his life contributed to the development of severe tuberculosis. The disease develops rapidly, and in 1865. He readily accepted the internship at the Department of Russian literature in the newly established University of Novorossiysk. Here he lectured 2 semesters, and the third is already thinking about retirement with pension. Illness prevented him to work quietly, and he did not live to receive the resignation. List of works by Bilyarskogo Vengerov, "critical-biographical dictionary ', t. III, bibliography - have Vengerov, "Sources", t. I. Most important source for the biography Bilyarskogo - Book VM. Istrin: "Letters to P.S. Bilyarskomu "(Odessa, 1906). This sketch of the life Bilyarskogo, his portrait, a lot of letters Buslaeva, Tikhonravova, Undolskogo and others, the letter itself Bilyarskogo, his article, a lot of biographical information in the notes to the letters. S. Sh

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Peter Bilyarsky Spiridonovich, photo, biography
Peter Bilyarsky Spiridonovich, photo, biography Peter Bilyarsky Spiridonovich  philologist, photo, biography
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