Buxhowden Fyodor( Russian infantry general)
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Biography Buxhowden Fyodor
(1750 - 1811), was born on the island of Osel; in 1764, Mr.. enrolled in the artillery and engineering corps and another cadet sent to the Turkish march. The Courage provided in Bender (1770), was promoted to engineer non-commissioned officers, and the assault Brailov (1771), in which he was severely wounded, brought him the Order of St. George, Grade 4. In 1772, Mr.. Buxhowden went adjutant-general feldtseyhmeysteru Prince Orlov, patronage, which strongly influenced his rapid increase in service. In April 1783. he was a colonel, and in 1787, with the rank of adjutant Empress commanded Kexholmsky Infantry Regiment. In 1789, Mr.. Buxhowden, with the rank of brigadier, acting under the command of the Prince of Nassau-Siegen against the Swedes, and for the battle of Rochensalm (August 13) awarded the Order of St. George's 3 degrees, and shortly afterwards promoted to Major-General. In the war with Poland in 1793 - 94 years he commanded a division. By storming of Prague, Suvorov appointed him commander in Warsaw, and confided to him the government of Poland. Soon after his accession to the throne of Paul I Buxhowden already in the rank of lieutenant-general, was appointed military governor of St. Petersburg and was elevated to the Count's dignity, but in September 1798. dismissed from service and retired to Germany. The Emperor Alexander, on his accession to the throne, again summoned him to Russia and appointed chairman established in 1802. Committee for the equation of urban servitudes. In 1809, Mr.. he again was admitted to the military service with the rank of general of infantry, was appointed inspector of Livonia Inspection and Military Governor of Riga. In 1805, while in the army of Kutuzov, took an active part in the battle of Austerlitz, for which was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir of 1 degree. At the beginning of the campaign 1806 - 7 years Buxhowden corps commander, but the outbreak of hostilities was withdrawn from the Army. After the Peace of Tilsit he received from Benningsen main command over armieyu quickly and staffed it with warriors militia. In the Swedish war of 1808. Buxhowden was commander in chief, with it, 3 May, the fortress surrendered Sveaborg Russian, and in December the whole Finland was cleared of the Swedish troops. Reward for this were: the Order of St. George's 2 degrees and diamond jewelry of the Order of St. Andrew. In 1808, Mr.. He resigned his command over the army, settled in Estonia and there on Aug. 23, 1811, Mr.. died in the castle belonged to him Lod.