Vanka-Kain (Cain, Ivan Osipov)( thief, robber and a detective)
Comments for Vanka-Kain (Cain, Ivan Osipov)
Biography Vanka-Kain (Cain, Ivan Osipov)
native of the village of Ivanovo, belonging to a merchant Filatevu. Born in 1718 and 13 years old, was brought to Moscow, to the manor house. Robbing his master, Vanka-Cain fled from the manor house and, after a series of daring adventures in Moscow, joined on the Volga to Ponizova outlaws and robbers in gang Michael Dawn. At the end of 1741 Vanka Kain was in Moscow, in order to detective and offered his services to catch thieves. Vanka-Cain's offer was accepted, he was awarded the rank of detective donositelya Order. But, catching petty thieves, he harbored large, persecuted dissenters, extorting money from them, opened a gambling house and stopped in front of a rip-off. Under the patronage of Vanka-Cain, the number of thieves, swindlers, robbers grew in Moscow every year. In the spring of 1748, Mr.. began in Moscow on fires and robberies, navedshie terror and on St Petersburg. In Moscow, was sent with an army major general Ushakov, who chaired a commission of inquiry established, gradually uncovered the tricks Vanka-Cain. Ensure that all Moscow police of plotting with V., Ushakov's successor, General Chief of Police Tatishchev, to obtain for in 1749, Mr.. institution in the case of Vanka-Cain special commission. In 1753 it Vanka-Cain was transferred to the detective the order, the personnel of which by that time changed. In 1755, Mr.. Vanka-Cain was sentenced to death, but by decree of the Senate, the whip punished and sent to prison. In the eyes of the people in. - Not only the Sergeant-robber, and he embodies and razudalogo good-young man who holds it with jokes yes introductions, soul devotes a song. Until now, many of the songs are known by the people under the name of Cain, including the famous "Do not get excited, mother, green Dubravushka". Shortly after the link-Vanka Kain his biography appeared in several editions, . endure a lot of publications: "On Vanka-Cain, . Renowned thief and swindler, . short story "(1775; illiterate story, . later reprinted under the title "History of Vanka-Cain, with all its spying, . Investigation and extravagant wedding (St. Petersburg, . 1815 and 1830); "thorough and true story of two crooks: Russia's first glorious thief ..,
. Vanka-Cain (St. Petersburg, 1779). Of great interest is the biography of Vanka-Cain, published in the form of an autobiography, although the historical data we know that Vanka Kain did not know how to write: "The life and adventures of Russia Bourguignon, called Cain ... Written by himself in the Baltic ports in 1764 (St. Petersburg, 1785, accompanied by songs, with a different title - 1788 and MA, 1792). Wed. study of Vanka-Cain on archival materials Esipova (in the collection Bartenev "eighteenth century", t. III) and D. Mordovtsev (in the "Ancient and Modern Russia", 1876, N 9 - 11, and Dep., 2 edition, St. Petersburg., 1887).