Smooth Osip Mikhailovich( The leader of the Cossacks Ataman Transdanubia)
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Biography Smooth Osip Mikhailovich
(1789 - 1866). Born into a Cossack family in Poltava Province. He left his wife and children, who thought him dead, in the Danubian Sich formed under Turkish rule Cossacks, who left Turkey after "ruynovanya" (destruction) camp in 1775, Mr.. Calling himself a bachelor, he was admitted to Platnirivsky smoking; participated in the pacification of the Greeks by the Turks, who were demanding independence, and was elected the first smoking, and then in 1827, Mr.. Then the leader, chieftain of the Cossacks and Zadunaisky dvuhbunchuzhnym Pasha. In the opened after then (1828) Russian-Turkish war over to the side of Russia together with a detachment of his Cossacks. In Ishmael Smooth and his comrades were presented to Emperor Nicholas I, which is kind to them and said: "God will forgive you, your country forgive and I forgive". Smooth rendered important services to the Russian army at the crossing of the Danube, and was awarded the rank of colonel in the Russian service. The emperor, after the Turkish war, instructed him to find a place to settle immigrants Transdanubia. He placed them on the open coast of the Azov Sea, between Berdyansk and Mariupol. This settlement was called the Sea of Azov Cossack troops, sleek - its chieftain. Under this name the army existed before 1865, when it was finally abolished, most of it before that was relocated to the Caucasus, for Kuban. Turks brutally avenged treachery Gladkoe remaining Cossacks: destroyed the camp, which killed control, disbanding the army and dispersed the inhabitants, descendants of the Cossacks dispersed and poturechilis. End of life spent in peaceful Hladky family circle. Biography of his, made his son, placed in the "Russian Antiquities" (February 1881). - See. F. Kondratovich, "Danubian Sich", P. Korolenko, "Azovtsev" (in the Kiev Antiquities and separately).