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Gorski Alexander

( famous scientist)

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Biography Gorski Alexander
photo Gorski Alexander
(1814 - 1875), son of a professor Kostroma seminary. He was educated at the Moscow Theological Academy, where he was professor of church history. In 1860, Mr.. ordained a priest, not through marriage, and in the same year received the title of archpriest. In 1864, Mr.. received his doctorate in theology and appointed rector of the Academy. For his vast knowledge Gorsky called encyclopaedia. Time is not conducive to that Gorski spoke all your system's scientific worldview, the whole breadth of his knowledge. Metropolitan Filaret hindrance to the freedom of scientific development and, as a theologian-dogmatistom, did not sympathize with the church-historical setting of theological education. Gorski therefore be careful to write and left relatively few published works. On behalf of Metropolitan Filaret Gorsky in 1849, undertook, together with KI. Nevostruevym, his most famous work: "The description of Slavic manuscripts of the Moscow Synodal Library". Gorsky belonged scholarly edition of labor and rukovoditelstvo its employees first inexperienced. Some important sections written by Gorsky. He worked for 13 years, until the appointment of the rector of the Academy, but did not leave their help Nevostrueva and after, when that one was hearing. Work Gorsky Nevostrueva - a whole treasure critically treated the facts of the history of Russian and South Slavic languages. Scientists descriptors made a number of discoveries in the field not only the ancient Slavic-Russian, but also Greek, ancient Christian literature. "Description" was not finished; appeared in print only five volumes; sixth, completely ready, not published, most notebooks confused. - More works Gorsky are sketchy material, objectivity constructions, extreme caution in the conclusions, concise, accurate and easy style. His research on Russian and South Slavic history, where he studied with special fondness, almost all drawn from manuscript sources and still retain the importance. In small articles, usually without a signature, Gorski publish their discoveries in these areas. Lectures Gorsky different novelty of the material and rigor of the method. The nature of them can be viewed on his course "History of the evangelical and apostolic church", is published twice. Gorsky and Filaret Gumilevsky revolution in educational setting spiritual academies and most prominently placed story. Explorer of the new research direction was the magazine "Additions to the works of the Holy Fathers, founded in 1843, Gorsky was one of the editors and the most active of its staff. Explorer of the new directions in the academic environment was one Gorski. By Gorsky seek guidance and advice by such scholars as Pogodin, Sreznevsky, Sukhomlinov, Bodyansky others worked with Gorsky (AN. Ants, Sawa, subsequently Tver, Earl M.V. Tolstoy, Filaret Gumilevsky). Main work Gorsky, except as described above: I. On the history of the ancient church: "Education of the canon of sacred books of the New Testament" ( "The addition to the works of the Holy Fathers, the book. 24); "Life of Saint Athanasius of Alexandria" (ib., kn. 10), "Life of St. Basil the Great" (ib., kn. 3), "Life of Blessed Theodoret, Bishop of Cyrus" (ib., kn. 14); "On the dignity of bishop in regard to monasticism in the Eastern Church" (ib., kn. 21). II. The history of Russian church: a) publication of monuments - Monuments of Christian literature since the Grand Duke Yaroslav I "(ib., kn. 2); "message to Vasily, Archimandrite Pechersky XII century." (ib., kn. 10), "On the ancient canons of St. Cyril and Methodius" (ib., kn. 15), "On the ancient words of the Holy Forty Days" (ib., kn. 17), b) study - "Historical Description of the Holy Trinity St. Sergius Lavra (Dep. kn. many times published), "On St. Cyril and Methodius" ( "Moscow", 1843, h. 3), "On the Relations of the Russian Church with athonite residents to the XVIII century" ( "Additions to the works of the Holy Fathers, the book. 6); "On the college in Moscow in the XVII century." (ib., kn. 3). A number of biographies of Russian metropolitans: Cyril II, St. Peter, St. Alexis, Cyprian, Photius, St. Jonah, Philip, and Theodosius I, Peter Graves in "Additions to the works of the Holy Fathers' (kn. 1, 2, 6, 11, 14 and 16). III. Instructions and speeches published in the "Additions" and the "Theological Gazette. A detailed list of all the works Gorsky cm. in "History of the Moscow Theological Academy, SK. Smirnova, p. 124 - 127. - The most detailed biography of Gorsky is a book with. Popov: "The Rector of the Moscow Theological Academy, Archpriest AV. Gorski (Sergiev Posad, 1897), a concise biography, feature - it acts with. Smirnova October 22, 1900; fairly extensive literature on Gorski specified and here and there. - Wed. "Archpriest AV. Gorski in the memories of him the Moscow Theological Academy in the 25-th anniversary of his death. "

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