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Dibich-Zabalkansky Ivan Ivanovich

( Earl, Field Marshal)

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Biography Dibich-Zabalkansky Ivan Ivanovich
photo Dibich-Zabalkansky Ivan Ivanovich
1785 - 1831) - Earl, Field Marshal. Put her father in Berlin cadet corps, Dibich soon attracted the attention of brilliant successes in the sciences. On arrival in St. Petersburg (1801) he was identified as ensign in the Guards Semenov regiment, and then diligently engaged in his cap in military education and the Russian language. During the first war with Napoleon Dibich-Zabalkansky has a special distinction in the battles of Austerlitz and Heilsberg. In 1810, as a staff officer in the case of Count Wittgenstein, attracted the attention of the note: "Organisationsptan eines Requisitionssystems", filed his Minister of War, about the impending military action. In the Great Patriotic War to share Dibich-Zabalkansky fell significantly involved in the successes of the shell of Count Wittgenstein, especially of Polotsk. By the end of 1812. Dibich-Zabalkansky proved himself a skillful head a special unit sent against Marshal Macdonald, and no less adroit diplomat in the negotiations, graduated from the Prussian corps York from the French. In 1813, Mr.. He was Quartermaster General of the allied armies, and distinguished himself in battles at Dresden, Kulm and Leipzig, in 1814, Mr.. - In the battles of La ROTHIERE and Arcis-sur-Aube. After the war he was appointed Chief of Staff, 1 st Army, and soon was promoted to Adjutant-General, the Emperor took him to Laybahsky Congress, and since that time Dibich-Zabalkansky became an inseparable companion of the Emperor. In 1824, Mr.. he became chief of staff, in 1825, Mr.. accompanied by Alexander I in Taganrog and was present at his death, and at the very accession to the throne of Emperor Nicholas earned his position of a report about the opening of the conspiracy so-called Decembrists. Most of the conspirators were in the 2 nd Army and Dibich-Zabalkansky personally took steps to arrest the most important of them. In 1827, after returning from a trip to the Caucasus (for investigation of misunderstandings between the generals and Ermolov Paskevich), he was granted the title of Count. In 1828, during the war with Turkey, Dibich-Zabalkansky was with the army, at first without any definite position. Using the unlimited confidence of the Emperor Nicholas and fighting with him an extensive correspondence, . he directed military operations quite independently, . in addition to Field Marshal Count Wittgenstein, . which, . unable to do anything without consulting Dibich-Zabalkansky, . presented only by a person, . officially responsible for the failure,
. Early 1829. Dibich-Zabalkansky was appointed commander of the army. In just remark Moltke, . Dibich-Zabalkansky, . being available to relatively weak means, . undertake only a, . what, . in this situation, . was essential to achieve the goal of the war, he gave one big battle (at Kulevchi) and took a fort (Silistria), . but these successes, . breaking down the resistance of the hostile army, . contributed nearly smooth transition of Russian troops through the Balkans, . which hitherto had been invincible, . and led our army to Adrianople, . where the bold and decisive course of action Dibich-Zabalkansky expedite the conclusion favorable to Russia Peace,
. The campaign is delivered Dibich-Zabalkansky title Zabalkansky. July Revolution 1830. prompted Nicholas to send Dibich-Zabalkansky in Berlin for talks with King on the action together, because of danger. These negotiations, however, failed. Meanwhile, the successes of the revolution in Belgium and the Netherlands' request for help prompted the King Nicholas mobilization of the army and move it to the western border. Sudden uprising in Poland forced to use these forces against the Poles. Called from Berlin, Dibich-Zabalkansky promised to crush the rebellion at one blow, but this promise remained unfulfilled, despite the fact that the case to that presented itself after the battle of Olszynka Grochowska. The campaign lasted for 7 months. After the defeat of Poles under Ostroе┌д≥ka could only capture Warsaw end the war, but on the night of May 29, in the village Klesheve near Pultusk Dibich-Zabalkansky died of cholera. See. Belmont "Graf v. D. Sabalkansky "(1830); Zabе┌ocki-Desyatovsky" Graf P.D. Kiselev and his time "(St. Petersburg, 1882, Volume I);" Russian Antiquities "(1880 - 84).

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