Dilthey Philip Heinrich (Dilthey)( first professor of the Moscow University in the Faculty of Law)
Comments for Dilthey Philip Heinrich (Dilthey)
Biography Dilthey Philip Heinrich (Dilthey)
(d. 1781). Tyrolese by birth, got utriusque juris doctorate at the Vienna University. With the establishment of the Moscow University Dilthey, on the recommendation of Miller and Bushing, was invited to Russia as a professor of history and human. During 10 years (1756 - 1766) in Dilthey has focused the entire Faculty of Law, in addition, he read in French private lecture on "The right kind". The main subject of the works of Dilthey was a natural right, read to them according to Winkler, Puffendorfu and Nettelbladtu. Not being thoroughly familiar with any Russian language, . nor with Russian laws and ignoring the abundance of foreign occupation (he was a school inspector, . translating grammar University), . Dilthey could excite interest in science, the number of its listeners is constantly decreasing and, . Finally, . by his own vocation, . limited to one student,
. Upon recommendation of the university, that "from Dilthey's no fruit there, Dilthey was dismissed in 1765, but after a year, according to handwritten decree of the Empress, the newly hired. Admitted a second time to teaching, . Dilthey every year more and more enlivened their reading, . Outlining positive laws with the help of his disciples, . Professors Desnitsky and Tretyakov, . and teaching, . except natural law, . the right of military and naval, . bills and the criminal and the history of Russian law,
. Dilthey's most important works: "Jus cambiale, . Initial base bill or law, . and especially Russia kupno with the Swedish "(passed the 5 editions, . 1768 - 1801), . where Dilthey, . exploring the legal nature of a bill, . successfully distinguishes between shades of each of the treaties and rebels against the desire to look to Roman law explain all the phenomena of legal life, "Investigation of the legal-owned vessels for spot, . on Judiciary, . the post of judge, . on the petition and the proof of the court "(1779), . where Dilthey asserts the right of the court to explain the laws, . and, . hence, . and the need for judges theoretical acquaintance with the law,
. He compiled a set of laws in force in Russia, this set was not released. Working on the study of Russia, . Dilthey published Topography of the province of Tula ", . in Russian and French (1781) and "Atlas for Children" (1766, . Amsterdam, . French, . in 1768 - 77 years, translated into Russian; IV volume is devoted to the geography of Russia),
. See. "Biographical Dictionary of professors and teachers of Moscow University, 1855, Part 1; Shevyrev," History of Moscow University ". A. G.