Zelinsky Thaddeus Franzevich( One of the most prominent scientists of the classical world)
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Biography Zelinsky Thaddeus Franzevich
Born in 1859, Mr.. near Kiev. Education Graduated in Russian philological seminary at the University of Leipzig. Received here in 1880. Ph.D. for his thesis: "Die letzten Jahre des zweiten punischen Krieges", Zelinsky about two years he worked in Munich, Vienna, Italy and Greece. He received a master's degree for his thesis "On syntagmas in Greek Comedy" (St. Petersburg, 1883), Doctor - for his thesis "Gliederung der altattischen Komoedie" (Leipzig, 1885). Contains a professor of St. Petersburg University, Institute of History and Philology, Women's Higher rates and a corresponding member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences. Since 1880, each year, his work, capturing all the new areas. Its fresh and deeply interesting ideas Zelinsky describes not only the general and specialized journals, but also in public lectures in St. Petersburg and beyond, in the classrooms of the People's University, and t. d. The main purpose of Zelinsky and scientific, . and literary, . and teaching activities - find out the main features of the spiritual aspect of antiquity and associate them with the culture and psychology of our, . noting and emphasizing those moments in modern culture, . in which most clearly affected by its dependence on the heritage of antiquity,
. In the history of Russian culture Zelinsky undoubtedly played a significant role as the regenerators of the interest of wide circles of society in classical antiquity and as a talented defender of this classical liberal education. Great is his role in the history of classical philology and science of the ancient world in general. In the history of ancient literature a number of brilliant early works devoted Zelinskogo ancient comedy, but these theses, issued another "Die Marchen-Komoedie in Athen" (AP, 1887). These works formed the foundation of modern development of ancient comedy, mainly in terms of its construction and shape. In the field of ancient tragedy he is interested not so much of its formal side as elucidation of the world of ideas that underlie the individual tragedies of ancient. Most of works devoted Zelinsky Sophocles. An excellent verse translation of all his dramas, with large, deeply informative introductions and try to reconstruct the lost pieces published in Moscow in the publication Sabashnikovyh (Sophocles, drama, t. I, translated with an introduction and an introductory essay, M., 1913). Interesting new ideas are the basis of several works on Zelinsky Homeric question: "The Law chronological incompatibility and composition of the Iliad" (compilation "Xaristeria", . Petersburg., . 1897); "Die Behandlung gleichzeitiger Ereignisse im antiken Epos" (Phil., . Suppl., . 1901); "Old and new ways in the Homeric question" ( "Journal of the Ministry of National Education", . May, . 1900),
. A number of articles on the history of Greek literature, is always important and new, written for this Zelinsky Dictionary (Wed. and Greek literature). In Sophocles, pets Zelinsky in ancient literature are Cicero and Ovid. Classical work, . opened a series of similar works for other ancient writers, . Zelinsky was the book "Cicero im Wandel der Jahrhunderte" (3rd ed., . Leipzig, . 1912), . where the author discovers a world of cultural and historical role of one of the greatest men of the Ancient World,
. In connection with the profound study of Cicero with the real and the formal point of view are studies Zelinsky in the ancient rhythms, mainly Latin prose: "Der Rhytmus der romischen Kunstprosa u. seine psychologischen Grundlagen "(" Arch. f. ges. Phych. ", VII);" Das Clauselgesetz in Ciceros Reden. Grundzuge einer oratorischen Rhytmik "(Leipzig, 1904);" Der constructive Rhytmus in Ciceros Reden. Der oratorischen Rhytmik zweiter Theil "(Leipzig, 1913) and several articles and reviews. Here Zelinsky laid the foundation for a number of similar works and created a new area in the development of ancient literature. Some of the speeches of Cicero Zelinsky translated into Russian ( "M. Tullius Cicero, t. I, St. Petersburg., 1901), with an excellent introduction and commentary, he also belongs to the school edition of 5-th speech against Verres (3rd ed., St. Petersburg., 1913), as well as the excellent scholarly edition of the book XXI Libya (10-e ed., 1913) and "Oedipus the King" by Sophocles. "Heroides Ovid Zelinsky published in excellent verse translation, with a deeply interesting introduction (" Ovid. Ballad-message ", Moscow, 1913). Major achievements have Zelinsky and as researchers of the history of ancient religions and Greek mythology. Particularly outstanding article: "Rome and its religion" (Journal of Europe ", 1903);" Rom u. seine Gottheit "(Munich, 1903)," Early Christianity and Roman Philosophy. (Question of Philosophy and Psychology, 1903); "Hermes und die Hermetik" ( "Arch. f. Religionsw. ", 1905; Wed. Journal Europe, 1904), the article "Christianity" and "Paganism" in the 86-volume "Encyclopedic Dictionary" Brockhaus-Efron and several articles on Greek religion and mythology in this edition of the Dictionary. Some of these articles and studies, as well as several articles on the history of ideas, the history of ancient culture and history of literature together in the book "From the Life of Ideas" (volumes I and III). Most widely Zelinsky brilliant book "The Ancient World and Us" ( "From the life of ideas", t. II) - synthesis of his understanding of antiquity and modernity and at the same time, an attempt to justify the philosophical and historical necessity of a classical education for cultural Europe. This book is published in three editions in Russian, in three editions in German and translated, in addition, French, English, Italian and Czech languages. With her at the West faces a number of works. on classical education, . example, . "Classical School and Democracy" ( "School and Life", . 1913), "Science utilitarian and disinterested science" ( "New Life", . 1911, . X); "classical education in ancient Greece" ( "School and Life", . 1911, . ? 13), . and the history of the development of spiritual culture and science in general (article "Die Entwicklung der geistigen Kulter", . "Die Wissenschaft und ihre Pflege" and "Die Geisteswissenschaften", . in the book "Schafien und Schauen", . t,
. II, Leipzig, 1908, 2 ed., 1910). A number of articles and studies W. devoted to the history of Western literature (the introduction to the translation of certain works of Schiller, Shakespeare and Byron, going under the editorship of Vengerov), Art. "The motive of separation" (Ovid, Shakespeare, Pushkin, "The Herald of Europe", 1903); "Die Tragodie des Glaubens" ( "?. Jahrb. i. d. cl. Alt. ", 1901) and T. d. More numerous works W. (until 1908) are listed in the "List of works of Professor F.F. Zelinsky, published by his disciples (St. Petersburg, 1909). Time for the final evaluation of the value W. in science, literature and public life has not yet come, and each year expands and deepens our understanding of it. M. Rostovtsev.