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Kalmykov Peter Davidovich

( Distinguished Professor of Law)

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Biography Kalmykov Peter Davidovich
photo Kalmykov Peter Davidovich
(1808 - 1860) - a prominent law professor, he studied in St. Petersburg third high school and St. Petersburg University, . where he studied classical philology, . but choosing, . at the invitation of Speransky, . the subject of his study of legal science, . with Nevolin, . Redkino, . H,
. Krylov and the other was sent in 1828 to prepare for a professorship, first at Dorpat, and then abroad, where he listened to Hegel, Hans, Savigny and Eichhorn. Upon his return to Russia, he defended his thesis for a doctorate in law and in 1835, Mr.. was appointed to the St. Petersburg University professor on the faculty encyclopedia jurisprudence and the Russian state law. In addition, since 1838, Mr. Kalmykov. taught criminal law at the Law School and a 1850. history of Russian law at the Alexander Lyceum, from 1840 to 1849. and was the first director of the St. Petersburg High School, since 1855, Mr.. - Dean of the Faculty of Law. Kalmykov his professorial career began in an era when the science of law in Russia did not yet exist. His lectures on the encyclopedia right, imbued with a strictly philosophical nature, were a kind of revelation and even prompted the senators to invite Kalmykova give them a private course. Teaching Russian state law was entrusted to Kalmykova only because of the connection of this subject with an encyclopedia of jurisprudence in the same department, the development of it was a matter of secondary importance to Kalmykov, . Yet here he made a lot and gathered a lot of material, . especially on the external history of Russian law, . he has in recent years, the teacher and the university,
. Favorite subject for Kalmykov was criminal law. His course of criminal law, with the completeness of the content, clarity and conciseness of presentation, was a self-designed and systematic analysis of both the theoretical beginning of the criminal law, and Russian criminal law. Kalmykov belonged to a faction of forensic-Hegelians, who sought to soften the harsh conclusions of his teacher beginning feasibility. Total precious in his lectures was a warm sense of humanity and a profound respect for the rule of law top. Always serious, . almost dark "- writes about Kalmykova one of his former students (" Russian Antiquities ", . 1886, . 4) - "He impressed us restrained and passionate attitude towards his subject, . expressed by all - in the voice, . in tone, . in figurative speech, . Paphos, . with whom he spoke of them respected scientists or rebelled against him unsympathetic forms of criminal punishment, . eg against the death penalty, . against corporal punishment and imprinting (which, . In those days, . was not safe for the professor),
. He obviously wanted to give students not only their attention, but his mood ". Print it had little. In his speech "On the symbolism of Russian law in general and in particular" (Saint-Petersburg, . 1839) argued Kalmykov, . the science is right, experimental science, . not only in its positive part, . but in philosophical, . as its main open by the beginning of historical research,
. Article Kalmykov on literary property generally, and especially about the history of human writers in Russia "(" Journal of the Ministry of Public Education ", . 1851, . ? 10, . 11 and separately) is the beginning of a large, . not top it work, . interesting, . the wealth of bibliographic guidance, . and for the literary historian,
. He still belongs to "Remembering the K. Fr. Eichhorn "(" Journal of the Ministry of Education, 1855, No. 5). After the death of Kalmykov, A. Lubawskie issued by lectures, his "Textbook of Criminal Law" (St. Petersburg, 1866).

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Kalmykov Peter Davidovich, photo, biography
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