Kowalski, Marian Albertovich( Prominent astronomer)
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Biography Kowalski, Marian Albertovich
(1822 - 1884), corresponding member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences (1862). He graduated from the course of St. Petersburg University. The essay "On perturbations in the motion of comets, received a master's degree. From 1847 to 1849 years was in the expedition of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society, sent to the Urals; determined astronomically 186 points and made many observations of terrestrial magnetism. The results of his work are 1-second volume of essays "North Urals and the coastal range Pai-Khoi (St. Petersburg, 1853, in Russian and German). Was (since 1851) professor of Kazan University. Prior to 1860 involved in theoretical research, particularly well known: "The theory of motion of Neptune" (Kazan, . 1852, . doctoral thesis), . "Recherches sur le mouvement de Neptune, . suivies des tables de cette planete "(Kazan, . 1855); it was the first newly discovered planets table,
. Monograph "Theorie der Finsternisse" (1856). In 1860 Kowalski for the most part engaged in observations of meridian circle Kazan Observatory, . first polar stars, . with declinations over 80 б°, . and then the zone stars between declinations 75 б° and 80 б°, . as part of an international company: "Observations des etoiles de la zone entre 75 б° et 80 б° de declinaison boreale" (Kazan, . 1885),
. It is important to work "Recherches sur la refraction astronomique" (1878). In the memoir "Sur les lois du mouvement propre des etoiles du catalogue du Bradley" Kowalski, among other things, challenges the view Medlera of the central star sun universe. In a small article Kowalski gave the best of the existing methods of determining the orbits of binary stars.