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Kotlyarevsky Alexander

( Slavic famous, archaeologist and ethnographer)

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Biography Kotlyarevsky Alexander
photo Kotlyarevsky Alexander
(born in 1837, died Sept. 29, 1881). From Poltava gymnasium, he entered the Moscow University and was a zealous disciple FI. Buslaeva. Public animation first years of the reign of Alexander II was accompanied by a variety of lifting people's Studies. Kotlyarevsky was fascinated by this movement and from student days he worked in many different industries, old and nationalities ". He has already been put forward notably among young, . when the unfortunate accident led, . in 1862, . to his arrest and several months of detention greatly upset his health, . and, . besides, . arrest of "political" case subsequently made it difficult for him teaching,
. Having freedom in 1863, he took an active part in founding the Moscow Archaeological Society (1864) and in the first of its enterprises. In early 1867 Kotlyarevskogo was invited to take the chair of the Slavic and Russian linguistics in Dorpat. In half of 1868 he defended his thesis: "The burial customs of the pagan Slavs, to attract much attention in the academic world. In Dorpat he did not stay long, since late 1869 have detected signs of the disease, which has since never left him. In 1872 he went abroad and lived in the warm Italian climate, recovered, then he got sick. Most of the foreign visit, he met in Prague, . where, . published his works: "The book on the antiquities and history of the Pomeranian Slavs in the XII century", . The Legend of Ottone Bamberg on Slavic history and antiquity "(Prague, . 1874) and "Antiquities of the right of the Baltic Slavs" (ibid., . 1874),
. One of these books was his doctoral dissertation, which he defended in St. Petersburg in 1874, with a rather heated debates with VI. Lamansky. Invitation to take the chair in Kiev, he was taken, but the case was again hampered by the fact that the previous permit limited the teaching of his professorship one Dorpat. Finally, the imperial command, the prohibition was lifted, and at the end of 1875 Kotlyarevsky settled in Kiev. For several years he was here courses in various departments of the "Encyclopedia of Slavic Studies; participated in the work of the Society of Nestor the Chronicler", . chairman of which he was elected, was also chairman of the Slavic Committee, . while, . when the society was brought South Slavic affairs and was the development of volunteers in Serbia, has lectured at the Kiev female rates; worked on publishing the works of MA,
. Maksimovic: prepared and published in Voronezh, "Philological Notes (and separately, . in numbered copies) remarkable "Bibliographic Essay on the ancient Russian literature" (Voronezh, . 1881; general historical review, . history of studying the Old Slavonic and ancient languages and writing),
. In 1881, he, at the request of physicians, he went abroad and died at Pisa. Kotlyarevsky - an outstanding representative of that period in the development of Russian science, . which followed the first of our labors and Slavic influences Grimm in the study of our national antiquities: in Slavic studies, he was a student Bodyansky, . but soon it became an independent, . in the study of folk poetry, . - Student Buslaeva, . of which took effect Grimmovoy School, . remaining, . however, . free from extreme hobbies, . in what would fall into other followers of this school, . example, . Afanasyev and Hur,
. Miller. His first works were caused by the need to identify those methods of investigation, . which brought a new school and have not been sufficiently strict soblyudaemy in the environment of professional, . and eliminate much of the science, . that still enjoys prestige in terms of walking,
. Such was his book: "Old and nation" (1862), these were the latest special reviews of his "Poetry of views on the nature of the Slavs" Afanasyev, "Stories of Russian life" Zabelina and other. He has contributed to the new direction of historical and literary study, expanding the area of historical monitoring data of the history of social, creative narodnopoeticheskogo. The base of the Archaeological Society in Moscow for some time directed his interests mainly in archeology. At this time it was written in his book "The burial customs", . which can serve as example of his methods of research: the study involved a variety of sources - the language, . legends, . saved chronicle various Slavic peoples, . modern legends, . representing an echo of the old custom, . Monuments real, . delivered by archaeological excavations, . Finally, . traditions and customs of other Indo-European tribes,
. In Kiev, he could put his course is much broader than in Dorpat, his dream was of Slavic Studies Encyclopedia - The systematic compilation of what has been done so far in science. This plan he tried to implement in their courses. Implement it in the literature he was not given, but here, as in his earlier works, affecting the living understanding of the needs of science in our education. Arising usually from another source or in obedience to run the Western scientific theories, . it existed only in fragments, . occasionally, . deprivation and the common grounds and method, . and generalizations, . and because as piecemeal, it was reflected in the general education, . which must have had his initial support,
. So, along with special studies, Kotlyarevskii considered necessary overviews and guidance. - Works Kotlyarevskogo, . but separately published the books, . scattered part of the general publications, . part in special, . as Voronezh "Philological Notes", . "Proceedings" and "Herald of the Moscow Archaeological Society, . Reports on Uvarov prizes at the Academy of Sciences ", . "Conversations" Moscow Society of Literature lovers Russia, . "Proceedings of the Kiev Society chronicler Nestor, etc.,
. In 1889 - 1891 respectively issued under Part II of the Academy of Sciences "Compositions AA. Kotlyarevskogo "(in the" Compendium ", II otd., Volume XLVII - XLIX, and separately, the three volumes), finished fourth edition of volume (Volume L" Collection "), to which are attached" Materials for biography of Alexander Alexandrovich Kotlyarevskogo, AN. Pypin. Obituaries and memories: "Wake on Kotlyarevskogo Alexander Alexandrovich (Kiev, 1881; articles and speeches PI. Aland, I.N. Zhdanova, NP. Dashkevich); "Sitzungsberichte der gelehrten estnischen Gesellschaft" in 1881; "Neue Dorptsche Zeitung" (October, 1881); A. Kochubinsky "Results of Russian and Slavic philology (in the" Notes "Novorossiysk University, . Volume XXXIII, . and separately: Odessa, . 1882, . Pages 229 - 236); "Biographical Dictionary of professors and teachers of the Imperial University of St. Vladimir (Kiev, . 1884), . "Memories" by Alexei Veselovskogo (Kiev, . 1888; of the Kiev Antiquity "); A.P,
. Storozhenko "Alexander Kostlyarevsky" (Journal Europe ", 1890, July); KN. Bestuzhev-Rumin, about 1-second volume "Collected Works", in the Journal of the Ministry of National Education, Volume CCLXIV; "Alexander Kostlyarevsky as a teacher" ( "Russian Antiquities", 1893, June), "In memory of his father's governor, Leonid, AA. Gattsuka, N.A. Popov and Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Kotlyarevskogo "(as the continuation of" Historical Notes "of the Moscow Archaeological Society, Moscow, 1893; article KI. Linnichenko). A. Pypin (died).

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Kotlyarevsky Alexander, photo, biography
Kotlyarevsky Alexander, photo, biography Kotlyarevsky Alexander  Slavic famous, archaeologist and ethnographer, photo, biography
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