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Ogarev Nikolai Platonovich

( Famous Poet)

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Biography Ogarev Nikolai Platonovich
photo Ogarev Nikolai Platonovich
(1813 - 1877). Born into a wealthy noble family Penza province. Received an excellent education at home, joined a volunteer at Moscow University. The most important factor in teenage years Ogarev, . and then his life, . is close, . enthusiastic friendship with a distant relative of his, . Herzen, . who said, . that he and Ogarev - separate volumes of a poem "and that they" made from a single mass, . albeit in different forms and with different crystallization,
. In 1831, Mr.. Ogarev had to leave the university, for participation in the student stories. Expelled to his father in Penza, two years later, he returned to Moscow, but in 1834. was brought together by Herzen and satin, to the history of university applicants who sang to a party anti-government songs and smashed a bust of the emperor. Neither Ogarev, . Herzen or participation in feast did not take, . and severe penalties, . befell the actual participants, . they passed, but seized during the search they found the paper, . that they are very interested in the French socialist system, . especially Saint-Simonism - and that was enough, . to recognize them guilty,
. Herzen was exiled to Perm, Satin - in Simbirsk Ogarev note to his father, stunned apoplexy, - in Penza. Here he devoted himself eagerly reading in all branches of science and proceeded to a series of articles and studies, not recycled, however, further introductions and rough. Especially a lot of relatively assiduously he worked on his "system", the principal object of his wide correspondence with Herzen and other friends (published in 1890 in Russian Thought "). Several times have changed the basis "system", in its last phase Ogarevo "mirovedenie" explained the origin of the universe by the law triplicity - the essence of the idea and implementation of ideas in the life of mankind. Ogarev undertook "to show in each era, in every nation, in every moment of antiquity and Christianity, the same law triplicity". He also plans to sketch a social order in which the ego was in harmony with self-sacrifice. In order not to upset relatives, Ogaryov began to visit quite often in the Penza "light" and married a relative of the governor of the Penza Panchulidzeva, M.L. Miloslavskaya - women who have a fatal effect on his life Ogarev. Poor orphan, she was herself making way - and it is completely distorted its moral nature, is not devoid of good instincts. Intelligent and interesting, it is at first charmed not only the Ogarev, but shrewd Herzen and other friends of her husband. Quickly understand the general structure of mind Ogareva and his circle, she pretended to understand life solely as a deed and aspiration to an ideal. But when she only visited the capital, where she procured Ogarev release, and look to the temptations of city life that it awakened the instincts. Great state obtained Ogare'v in the late 30's, finally her unbridled passion. Leaving from Ogare'v abroad, she passed through a series of outrageous adventures. Ogaryov was infinitely forgiving, even agreed to recognize his wife begotten a child, gave her unquestioningly tens of thousands every year, but his life was divided. In the late 40-ies he found a girlfriend in the family Penza landlords Tuchkov and married her in the mid-50's, after the death of first wife. In 1856, Mr.. Ogarev finally left Russia, and acceded to the work of Herzen, along with him was at the head of the Russian emigration. Having inherited the estate population, Ogarev immediately decided to release their peasants in the most favorable terms. He inherited, among other things, a huge village of Oka, Beloomuty, with 10 000 acres of timber. Some beloomuttsy, . served on the repurchase, . offered Ogarev 100 000 rubles for his freedom, . Ogarev but did not want to exercise his right and made a ransom for all beloomuttsev so profitable for them and so unfavorable conditions, . that the total redemption amount for the village, . costing at least 3-4 million, . amounted to almost 500 000 rubles,
. This deal is not reached the goal for which Ogarev brought such a sacrifice: the benefits of redemption benefited only the rich, kept in bondage of the poor villagers, who now came to an even worse position. A very large and after the redemption Beloomutov condition disappeared quickly, as a consequence of the first wife's extravagance and disorderliness Ogarev himself, and because the fire of a paper mill, arranged them for the benefit of farmers of other names. Activities Ogareva as an emigrant is not marked by anything extraordinary, and his languid article in The Bell "on economic issues does not add anything to the influence of newspapers Herzen. In the era of the decline of Herzen many of the last, to which he was reluctant to have been taken under the influence of Ogareva, despite his good nature has always resisted the most extreme theories. Thus, under the influence Ogaryov attempt to place the Union of Russian emigration of the free with the Romanian Old Believers; Ogaryov became the head was coming out in early 60-ies "the Chamber". Under pressure Ogaryov Herzen gave him deeply antipathetic Nechayev capital provided by a Russian in order to Herzen's revolutionary goals. End of life Ogarev was very sad. The patient, no money, having lost in their relationship and his second wife, who became her friend Herzen, he lived on a small pension, first of Herzen, and after his death - from his family. The man is very modest, shy, though full of faith in his vocation, Ogarev irresistible force at anyone who was sensitive to the spiritual beauty. Around him are always created a special "Ogarevo cult", in his presence, people became better and cleaner. Herzen said that "the vital thing Ogarev was the creation of the personality, which he represented the". To a large extent recalling Stankevich, Ogaryov little productive in the press, influenced by personal conversation, sharing their rich store of knowledge, expressing bright ideas, often in very vivid images. Lack of endurance and perseverance, aimless daydreaming, laziness and the habit of living from day to day, without a specific purpose, prevented the creation Ogareva unfold in full. Nevertheless, a small book of his poems he devotes a very prominent place among the minor poets of our. Ogarev - poet of a special kind, in the same time, and deeply sincere, and utterly devoid of immediacy. He - the representative of the extremely reflective poetry, what the Germans call Grubeleien. Verse of his musical and melodious: he was a passionate musician and always longed to express the desire that filled his soul sweetly vague "sounds" ( "How I treasure the most beautiful moments! Music suddenly filled with rumor, . sounds of rushing with a kind of desire, . sounds from somewhere around the pouring,
. Heart for them seek anxiously wants them somewhere to fly, in those moments can be melted, in those moments is easy to die "). But musicality Ogareva also not direct, and reflective, because it is the result of high spiritual culture. Ogarev - Poet without a youth, without a real, living only memories and a yearning for irrevocably passed. It is hardly possible to find half a dozen poems without thoughts of the past. The result of his broken life, this longing is only partly. One of the most famous of his poems: "We came to life with stunning confidence," - a kind of waste, where the poet compares himself and his friends to the cemetery, their "best hopes and dreams, like leaves fall amid bad weather, falling and dry and yellow". But when I wrote this waste? During the Penza "links" when the author was twenty-odd years, and the most "accident", it befell, it was pretty petty. One of the happiest moments of life Ogarev found an echo in the poem: "A lot of sadness" - and here is his concluding words: "But I'm young, my life is complete, and the song on my joy given to me, but in the joy of so much sadness". Sadness, quiet and almost wanton - basic tone of poetry Ogarev. It is not an absolute pessimist, . he did not want to die ( "could curse his fate", . "When met with me"), he comes alive, . when comes face to face with nature and it must better their inspirations ( "Noon", . "Spring", . "Spring"), the past is always drawn to him in the brightest contours, . life in general he did not think this vale of sorrow and tears - but individually it can respond almost exclusively to the sad and melancholic,
. His attention is attracted most often view the destruction and desolation ( "Old House", . "Knock, . I unlocked the door ", . "By pounding the pavement", . "Again the familiar house", . "The Winter Road"), . outgoing evening ( "Evening"), . dying candle ( "Fantasy"), , . dimly lit snow fields ( "Road"), . melancholy melancholy sound boards a night watchman ( "Village watchman"), . consumptive, . approaching death ( "to the entrance), . old, . lost their daughter ( "Old men like before"), . A forgotten love ( "The Forgotten", . "Ordinary story"), . dead child ( "Baby", . "Fatum"),
. The luxury of the South evokes in him a desire to be "in the north of the misty and sad"; feast it is not fun: "he sends a psychic oblivion of sorrow; convulsions do not choke the secret anguish" ( "The feasts crazy youth pass, . "Home I returned very late"); "that year, . then life becomes boring "(" Celebration "), . "boredom is a terrible lie at the bottom of the soul" ( "I was often confused),
. Therefore seems, . that "all life will be unbearable mistake" ( "Night"), . that he lives "in a crowded desert" ( "Portraits"), he himself seems bewildered "in the sea far", . where ever "all the same buzz, . all the same lapping shafts, . without meaning, . endlessly, . not see the coast "(" For the days are the days "),
. Only occasionally, still madly in love, the heart of requests ", but" all in vain - the answer is no desire, "" zamolkshy sound can be heard again "(" Another love madly heart Requests "). Only once feminine lira Ogarev, . most, . maybe, . tender in all of Russian poetry, . took several vigorous, and even militant chords - the last of a small loop of four excellent poems, . entitled "Vagina Monologues", but this feature purely biographical,
. Ogarev was at that time (1846) abroad, listening to lectures, I felt again "schoolboy" and he for a moment it seemed that his spirit is strong will "that he finally" to defend themselves from internal anxiety ". His deceive "the spirit of negation, . not the mocking callous and sick, . but the all-powerful spirit of movements and the creation, . that eternally young, . new and alive, he is fearless in the fight, . ruin him joy, . from the dust he builds again and again, . and hate it to, . that need to tear down, . holy spirit, . as holy love ",
. This fleeting and accidental outbreak is in complete contradiction with penetrating all the poetry Ogareva forgiveness and a deep sense of "resignation", as they say in the 40-ies favorite expression of his beloved while Schiller. In a farewell poem to his wife ( "K ***") he said the woman, smashed his life:" Oh, I'm not your enemy ... Give me your hand! "and hastens to assure her that" not confuse the pangs of conscience you my mouth "and he is grateful to remember only the bright past:" I thank you for those moments when I believed in and loved ". Not only in his personal life is full of forgiveness and Ogarev such resignation. Lear this poet, life is the subject of attention of the political police, hardly knows the sounds of protesters. In the collection of poems Ogarev published in Russia, there is no more than 4-5 plays, which are affected, and, moreover, the most fleeting way, social issues. "Kabak" ends with a cry of hurt refusal guy: "Ah, my brother, but hardly poor in a glass of vodka to forget sadness," "neighbor" - the words: "Yes in our sad side tell me what to do and Bole, if not the host's wife and husband with the dogs ride in the field ". "Road" ends quatrain: "I'm going in the carriage rolls so homesick: boring to me so sorry so sorry way home" - that's the whole "protest" element of the poetry of the future leader of the Russian emigration. The most complete expression of resignation is already a poem called "Friends", written during his exile: "We have a lot of feelings and images and thoughts buried deep in my soul ... And what happened? The charge will tell whether the sky daring mind? What a reproach? Humility is the soul invest, and it shut without bile, if we can ". Poems Ogareva long existed in Russia only in a very incomplete 3 editions (Moscow, 1856, 1859 and 1863). The London edition of 1858. much better, though not due to censorship reasons, a much larger part of the first poems published here quite censorship. But this edition was very incomplete. Many poems published in his memoirs Ogarev Tatiana Passek and second wife Ogarev

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